Yemen is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, YE is the two-letter ISO code of Yemen, and YEM is the three-letter country abbreviation for Yemen.
Yemen. According to Countryaah, the national day of Yemen is November 30. The House of Representatives, the Legislative Assembly, approved the budget for January 1, despite the fact that most members of the minority party in the coalition government, Yemen’s Reform Alliance (Islah), boycotted the meeting. The larger of the parties in the coalition government, the People’s Congress (General Peoples Congress, GPC), were thus able to adopt the draft budget without objection. Coalition partner Islah’s members boycotted the vote because they felt they had not had enough time to discuss the proposal.
GPC won a convincing election victory in the general elections on April 27. The party, together with Islah, received 240 of the House of Representatives 301 seats (GPC 187, Islah 53 seats). Most of the remaining seats were occupied by independent candidates. The Socialist Party (Yemen Socialist Party, YSP) boycotted the election along with four other smaller parties. The reason was stated to be feared election fraud on the part of the government parties.
Although between 10 and 20 people were killed in connection with the election, it was considered by foreign observers to have been conducted in a largely fair manner. The turnout was just over 50%.
A new government was appointed on May 15. President Ali Abdullah Saleh appointed Faraj Said Ben Ghanim as new Prime Minister.
A meeting, organized in Brussels on June 18-19 by the World Bank and the EU, resulted in promises of $ 1.8 billion in international support for the Yemeni government’s economic reform program.
On October 31, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a $ 512 million loan to Yemen.
At the end of June, clashes between Yemen and Saudi troops took place along the common and disputed border. Reports talk about major human and material losses on both sides. According to some data, the United States should have intervened and mediated in the conflict.
Battle in the south between former allies
Government forces and separatists from southern Yemen are fighting a battle in the province of Abyan. Artillery is used and 13 lives are extinguished: eight separatists fall as well as five of the men fighting for the government (see August 26).
Peacemakers through hidden channels
Sources with insight claim that Saudi Arabia offers the Huthi movement a buffer zone along the border between Yemen and Saudi Arabia, from where the movement shells Saudi targets. The Saudis would also be ready to sign a ceasefire agreement proposed by the UN, writes Reuters. In connection with an agreement, a transitional government for Yemen would also be discussed. US President-elect Joe Biden has pledged to slow down arms sales to Saudi Arabia to increase pressure on the Riyadh government to end the war. The Shia Muslim Huthi control northern Yemen and areas with large populations, especially the capital Sanaa. Saudi Arabia has so far failed in its main goals of the five-year war: to push back the Shiite guerrillas and to reinstate the Yemeni government.
Assassination attempt on Huthi minister
A minister in the Huthi rebel government, who controls the capital Sanaa but is not seen as legitimate by the outside world, is shot dead in his car. Hassan Zaid, Minister of Sports and Youth, was wanted by the Saudi-led military alliance that supports the Yemeni government. There was a reward of ten million dollars pledged for information that could lead to his arrest. In 2017, he aroused anger by proposing that schools be closed for a year and students be taken out of military service.
Both the Huthi rebels and the government release prisoners
Two Americans held hostage by the Huthi movement are released, as part of the larger prisoner exchange between the warring parties in Yemen that begins the next day and takes place over the course of several days (see September 27). One of the Americans is a female aid worker who has been imprisoned by the rebels for three years. At the same time, the remains are handed over by a third, deceased American.
Peace Prize in support of UN aid work
The UN Food Program (WFP) is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. When the news comes, Yemen is the organization’s most extensive ongoing aid effort. The goal is to supply 13 million Yemenis with food every month; in fact, as many as 20 million Yemenis live with insecure food supplies. And the money is running out. According to aid coordinator Lise Grande, the UN has only received one billion dollars out of the 3.2 billion from donors that would be needed to pay for the efforts this year. Several UN programs have been restricted. For WFP, contacts with the fighting Huthi rebels during the war years in Yemen have been particularly stressful. The UN has accused the Huthi movement of seizing and selling goods that were to be distributed free of charge to the needy.
More and more on the run in war zone
Since January, intense fighting between the Huthi rebels and the government has forced another 90,000 people to flee in Marib province, more than ten kilometers east of the capital Sanaa, according to UN sources. The refugee numbers there are said to be high from before, even though Marib, which has strategically important oil and gas resources, must have escaped the worst war devastation for a long time. According to the UN, internally displaced people live in 140 camps that are also threatened by the fighting.