Senegal, officially French République du Sénégal [repy Republic dy sene gal], German Republic of Senegal, country in West Africa with (2019) 16.3 million residents; The capital is Dakar.
World Heritage Sites (K) and World Natural Heritage (N)
- Gorée Island (K; 1978)
- Djoudj National Park (N; 1981)
- Niokolo-Koba National Park (N; 1981)
- Saint-Louis Island (K; 2000)
- Megalithic stone circles Sine Ngayène and Wanar (K; 2006)
- Saloum Delta (K; 2011)
- Cultural landscapes of the Bassari, Fula and Bedik (K; 2012)
Dakar [also because kar ], capital of Senegal, on the southern tip of the peninsula of Cape Verde on the Atlantic Ocean, with (2013) 2.6 million residents.
The city, founded in 1857, has the largest seaport in West Africa.
Saint-Louis Island (World Heritage)
The city of the same name, which was founded by French settlers in the 17th century, is located on the island of Saint-Louis at the mouth of the Senegal River. Due to its location, it played an important cultural and economic role and is an outstanding example of European colonial architecture.
Saint-Louis island: facts
|Official title:||Saint-Louis Island|
|Cultural monument:||Trading city in Senegal, at the mouth of the Senegal River in the Atlantic Ocean, city center and port on a river island; originally a French colonial settlement, laid out in 1626; from 1872 to 1957 capital of Senegal; important cultural and economic role for all of West Africa; Port facilities, characteristic colonial architecture; historical buildings, including the governor’s palace in the center of the island, a French colonial-style cathedral (1827), military barracks, a hospital and two bridges|
|Location:||Saint-Louis, at the mouth of the Senegal River|
|Meaning:||Extraordinary example of a colonial city; Testimony to the development of colonial rule|
Saloum Delta (World Heritage)
The Saloum and Sine delta on the Atlantic coast has been populated for over 2000 years. The more than 200 mussel islands that were created by the accumulation of the mussel shell waste are unique. There are houses, granaries and graves on these islands.
Saloum Delta: facts
|Official title:||Saloum Delta|
|Cultural monument:||5000 km² cultural landscape in the delta of the confluence of the Saloum and Sine rivers in western Senegal on the Atlantic coast; 2000 year old multi-ethnic settlement in a floodplain with mangrove forests; Harmonious interaction between man and nature with high biodiversity, characterized by the abundance of fish and marine animals; 218 islands made up of shells, some of them inhabited; 28 of these shell islands with characteristic, centuries-old barrows; Home to a variety of water and migratory birds (e.g. flamingos, seagulls, terns, cranes, storks, pelicans, cormorants)|
|Location:||West of Kaolack, Atlantic coast, West Senegal|
|Meaning:||Extraordinary, harmonious interplay of humans and nature in a maritime environment with high biodiversity; unique testimony to human habitation on the west African coast; Opportunity to study different cultures from a variety of eras|
Cultural Landscapes in Senegal (World Heritage)
The Bassari, Fula and Bedik have settled in the Fouta-Djalon mountainous region since the 11th century, leaving behind artistic terraces and impressive village complexes.
Cultural Landscapes in Senegal: Facts
|Official title:||Cultural landscapes of the Bassari, Fula and Bedik|
|Cultural monument:||Three from the 11th to the 19th century, 500 km² large, geoculturally outstanding areas of the peoples of the Bassari, Fula and Bedik; diverse early social, ritual and spiritual practices; archaeological traces of early human settlement; still traditional processing of the extensive natural resources in an inaccessible area with terraced buildings and rice fields|
|Location:||Southeast Senegal 700 km from Dakar|
|Meaning:||Outstanding evidence of a homogeneous interaction between human culture and natural environment; exceptional example of multicultural diversity with lively traditional ways of life|