Tajikistan is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, TJ is the two-letter ISO code of Tajikistan, and TJK is the three-letter country abbreviation for Tajikistan.
Tajikistan. According to Countryaah, the national day of Tajikistan is September 9. Peace talks to resolve the internal contradictions in Tajikistan began January 6 in Iran’s capital Tehran. On January 19, the parties – the government and the united opposition – signed an agreement on general amnesty for the prisoners of war captured by the parties during the civil war, and on the appointment of an election commission for the war-affected country. A ceasefire agreement had been signed by the parties in December 1996, following Russian-Iranian mediation.
The USSR, a cooperative organization of the former Soviet states, decided at a meeting in late March to extend the mandate of its peacekeeping troops in Tajikistan to June 30.
Under the auspices of Russian Federation President Boris Yeltsin, Tajikistan’s President Imomali Rachmonov and opposition leader Said Abdullah Nuri signed a peace treaty on June 27 in Moscow that ended the five-year civil war. The agreement stipulated the establishment of a national reconciliation commission with Nuri as chairman. In addition, the opposition would get 30% of government seats, while 20% of them would be reserved for independent candidates. A 30% reduction in the country’s military forces was also included in the treaty. On September 11, opposition leader Nuri returned to Tajikistan after five years of exile in Iran.
On October 16, the men attacked the presidential guard in the capital Dushanbe and killed 14 guards. Both the government and the opposition blamed the deed for resignations that refused to accept the peace deal.
Area: 142,600 km2 (world rank: 94)
Population density: 63 per km2 (status 2017, world rank: 96)
Capital: Dusanbe (Dushanbe)
Official languages: Tajik
Gross domestic product: 7.1 billion US $; Real growth: 7.1%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 990 US$
Currency: 1 Somoni (TJS) = 100 Diram
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Head of State: Emomalii Rahmon, Head of Government: Kokhir Rasulsoda, Appearance: Sirodschiddin Aslow
National holiday: 9.9.
2 provinces, Autonomous Province Kuhistoni-Badachson (Berg-Badachschan), capital district and a district subordinate to the government
State and form of government
Constitution of 1994
Parliament: House of Representatives (Majlisi-Namojandagon) with 63 members; National Assembly (Majlisi-Milli) with 33 members (25 indirectly elected, 8 appointed by the President); Choice each every 5 J.
direct election of the head of state every 7 years (renewable once; does not apply to the current president)
Voting age 18 years
last 2010 census: 7,564,502 residents.
2000: 79.9% Tajiks, 15.3% Uzbeks, 1.1% Russians, 0.3% Tatars and other
Cities (with population): Chorug Status 2016: 29,200 residents.
Religions: 97% Muslims (mainly Sunnis, Shiite minorities Ismailis), Christians (as of 2006)
Languages: Tajik; Russian, languages of the minorities.
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 52%, industry 16%, business 32% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 10.3%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 7.3%
Foreign trade: Import: 2.7 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 1.2 billion (2017)
The main occupation of the population is semi-nomadic pastoralism, which alternatively benefits from certain summer and winter pastures; pure nomadism has now almost completely disappeared. The Kyrgyz people preferably breed horses and sheep. Political unrest, however, has seriously damaged the livestock heritage; above all, camels and horses have diminished, as is the lack of mules and donkeys, so necessary for transport to mountain villages. Famous are the pastures of Fergana, remembered by Marco Polo as “the best pasture in the world, where the leanest mare would become very fat in six days”. A good part of the cultivation, perhaps a third, is possible only through irrigation works, without which a large part of the lower valleys would remain unproductive; in this field too the revolution produced serious disturbances, so much so that by 1926 50% of the old irrigation works had been destroyed. Irrigation is above all essential for the cultivation of cotton, rice, olive trees, vines and fruit trees; but more widespread is the cultivation of cereals. Finally, many hopes are placed in the cultivation of Egyptian cotton. There are good mineral resources, which consist of coal from the Ura-Tiubè district and the Zerafšan basin, iron produced in this basin and in the Vanč valley, where manganese is also found; there are also deposits of zinc, asbestos and rock salt, and, near Stalinabad, hot springs. Some of these minerals are used, but in a primitive way. The industries have a domestic character and are limited to supplying local needs; yarns and fabrics are made, as well as works in wood and leather; there are numerous mills; in recent years a spinning mill, a modern oil mill, etc. have been opened. Economic development, however, is made difficult by the lack of communication routes, consisting of ordinary routes, mostly caravan routes, and the railway line that connects Stalinabad to Termez and the Trans-Caspian railway.
- Shopareview: Offers climate information of Tajikistan in Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter, covering maximum and minimum temperature for each of 12 months. Also includes when is best time to visit this country.
Capital of the Republic is Stalinabad, formerly known as Djušambe, which has 42,200 residents Other notable centers are Kanibadam (27,700 residents), Chodžent, a city of about 51,000 residents one of the oldest in the Fergame valley, perhaps Alexander the Great’s Alexandreskate. Finally, we remember Pamirskji Post, a small fortified town at 3378 m. of altitude, established by Russia in 1892 and which is connected to the military road, which rises from Oš.