Taiwan Military

Taiwan 1997

Taiwan is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, TW is the two-letter ISO code of Taiwan, and TWN is the three-letter country abbreviation for Taiwan.

Yearbook 1997

Taiwan. The archival rivals Taiwan and China recorded their first direct maritime traffic in April since the end of the war in 1949. A Chinese cargo ship made its first voyage from China to Taiwan. According to Countryaah, the national day of Republic of China/Taiwan is October 10. A week later, the first Taiwanese cargo ship arrived on the mainland. About ten shipping companies were entitled to the new route across the Taiwan Strait. However, only transit transport was allowed, no direct trade.

Taiwan Military

But the political contradictions of the two regimes intensified in March after Taiwan allowed Tibet’s spiritual leader Dalai lama to visit a Buddhist monastery in Kaohsiung. In Beijing, where the Tibetan Peace Prize winner is seen as a threat to China’s supremacy over Tibet, the visit was stamped as a provocation “to divide the mother country”. The Dalai lama himself emphasized the visit’s private, religious character, but also met the host country’s president Li Denghui and Prime Minister Lien Chan.

After Hong Kong’s incorporation with China on July 1, Beijing once again called on Taiwan to accept a Chinese reunification. “The principle of ‘one country, two systems’ will work in Hong Kong and also for Taiwan,” said Chinese Prime Minister Li Peng. In Taibei, President Li responded that democracy is not compatible with communism. A severe foreign policy setback came for Taiwan when its last major ally South Africa at the end of the year took up full diplomatic relations with China and broke with the Taibei government.

Taiwan’s National Assembly, which, unlike Parliament, is solely responsible for constitutional issues, adopted a series of constitutional amendments in July that strengthened the president’s power and virtually abolished Taiwan’s provincial government alongside the national one.

At the ruling party’s GMD (Guomindang) congress in August, Prime Minister Lien resigned, criticized for falling prey to growing corruption and crime. He was succeeded by former Finance Minister Vincent Siew, Taiwan’s first indigenous head of government. Lien remained as Vice President.

In the November general elections, GMD suffered a heavy defeat as the largest opposition party DFP (Democratic Progress Party), which opposes a reunification with China, won in 12 of 23 constituencies.

ART AND ARCHITECTURE

Urban development in Taiwan was rather limited until the 18th century, to then undergo the typical development of centers conditioned by international trade. The monumental architecture is essentially Chinese: to the temples dedicated to Confucius or to Buddha from the second half of the 17th century, there are added some buildings of similar stylistic derivation built in the 20th century: the capital Taipei shows exemplary such effects (National palace museum, 1965; Chiang Kai-shek Memorial, 1980 etc.), confused with pre-existing and heterogeneous stylistic influences of type, as well as Chinese, colonial and Japanese. To similar formal congestions must be added architectural works influenced by the modern international languages ​​of the century. 20 ° and 21 °. Among the various architectural enterprises, the imposing Tower 101 (CY Lee & Partners, 2004) built in Taipei stands out: a skyscraper that blends experimental technologies and stylistic features inspired by traditional local formalisms.

If the Japanese rule (1895-1945) had a profound influence on the art and culture of Taiwan, thanks to the intense cultural exchange between the two countries, after 1949, with the transfer of the government of nationalist China to Taipei, the influence of the Chinese artistic tradition has become fundamental. In the 1950s the artistic scene of Taiwan appears marked by different directions: on the one hand, art is committed to the exaltation of the patriotic and nationalist spirit, on the other we observe the coexistence of traditional calligraphy and painting, with an opening towards Western art. The first avant-garde groups are formed in Taiwan in 1957: the Fifth Moon Group or May Group and the Oriental Art Group. An important exponent of the former is Liu Kuo-sung, which elaborates a synthesis between iconography and expressive forms of the Chinese tradition and contemporary Western experiences. The exponents of the Eastern art group, such as Hsiao, are inspired by Western abstractionism Chin and Hsia Yang. Also in sculpture emerges a synthesis between Chinese and Western art. Yang Ying-feng, who has established himself above all as a sculptor and landscape architect, trained in Tokyo, Beijing, Rome as well as in Taiwan; has created monumental abstract forms in bronze and steel since the 1960s. Chu Ming working with different materials, it transmits an intense spiritual charge, with forms close to abstraction. In the last decades of the 20th century. Taiwan art has increasingly entered an international context, developing solutions that combine new means of expression with attention to the cultural reality of the country (Huang Buhching, Chen Chien-pei, Wu Thien Chang, Lee Ming-tse). They dedicate themselves to painting, with different techniques and with references to the Taiwanese imagerie Huang Chin-ho, Hou Chun-ming, Michael Lin Ming-hong, Lien Teh-cheng, Huang Chih-yang. They work with installations, objects, photos, in the exploration of the contemporary Taiwanese world: Chen Chieh-jen; Liu Shih-fen; Wu Mali; Wang Wen-chih; Chang Chien-chi; Lin Shu-min; Wang Jun-jieh; Hung Tung-lu; Yao Chung-lui. Among the cultural institutions in Taiwan, the role played by the Taipei Fine Arts Museum, established in 1982, remains fundamental.