Singapore Military

Singapore 1997

Singapore is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, SG is the two-letter ISO code of Singapore, and SGP is the three-letter country abbreviation for Singapore.

Yearbook 1997

Singapore. On January 2, general elections were held to Parliament. The ruling People’s Action Party (PAP), with Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong as its leader, won 81 of the 83 seats in Parliament’s only chamber. In fact, even before the election, the party’s victory was clear, as the opposition (Workers’ Party) was running with counter-candidates to only 36 of the 83 parliamentary seats. However, this did not prevent the Prime Minister from describing the exit as a popular rejection to Western-oriented liberal democracy. According to Countryaah, the national day of Singapore is August 9. PAP has been ruling since 1959.

Singapore Military

Land area 697 km²
Total population 6,209,660
Residents per km² 8,909.1
Capital Singapore
Official language Mandarin, Malay, English, and Tamil (Tamil)
Income per capita $ 94,100
Currency Singapore dollar
ISO 3166 code SG
Internet TLD .sg
License plate SGP
Telephone code +65
Time zone UTC +8
Geographic coordinates 1 22 N, 103 48 O

In a lawsuit against one of the opposition leaders JB Jeyaretnam in mid-August, his defense attorney accused PAP’s leadership of using the justice system to effectively silence all opposition to the government. Jeyaretnam was consenting to the right to have insulted in a election speech the Prime Minister and several of his government colleagues. Ministers had claimed the equivalent of SEK 1 million in damages. The court ruled in their favor, but Jeyaretnam’s damages were reduced to the equivalent of SEK 100,000.

Singapore was one of the countries in Southeast Asia that was affected by stock market crashes and currency falls during the latter half of the year. The economic turmoil in this part of the world continued at the turn of the year and had little impact on the entire world economy.

ARCHITECTURE

The architecture of Singapore developed mainly from the 19th century: there are few buildings left from previous periods (in particular some pavilions of the 14th century with roofs covered with tiles and crowned with cornices). The widespread neoclassical buildings, of English influence, have been associated with the construction of Christian churches, Islamic mosques, Chinese and Hindu temples, testimony to the cultural diversity present in Singapore. Since the 1980s the city has seen a radical change in the nineteenth-century image. Several architects from government agencies (Housing Development Board; Urban Redevelopment Authority; Public Works Development), local studios and foreign groups contributed to urban development. Among the most significant works of local studios that have attempted to reconcile typical forms of the Asian tradition and modern architectural languages, the following stand out: the Chee Tong Taoist temple (1987, Akitek Tenggara studio); Rosyth School (1999, Wong Hooe Wai); MINDS School and SIA-MINDS Employment Development Center (2000, designed by Gang eng Oon, with DP Architects studio); Tampines North Community Center (1989) and Gallery Evanson Hotel (1999) by W. Lim, whose architectures are presented as collages of different shapes and colors, almost a metaphor of the multicultural society typical of Singapore. The contribution of foreign architects was also important: MINDS School and SIA-MINDS Employment Development Center (2000, designed by Gang eng Oon, with DP Architects studio); Tampines North Community Center (1989) and Gallery Evanson Hotel (1999) by W. Lim, whose architectures are presented as collages of different shapes and colors, almost a metaphor of the multicultural society typical of Singapore. The contribution of foreign architects was also important: MINDS School and SIA-MINDS Employment Development Center (2000, designed by Gang eng Oon, with DP Architects studio); Tampines North Community Center (1989) and Gallery Evanson Hotel (1999) by W. Lim, whose architectures are presented as collages of different shapes and colors, almost a metaphor of the multicultural society typical of Singapore. The contribution of foreign architects was also important: P. Rudolph (The Colonnades residential tower, 1987, and Concourse Building, 1993); Pei Cobb Freed & partners studio (Gateway Towers, 1990, and Raffles City Towers, 1986); Kenzo Tange Associates studio (among the numerous interventions, the Indoor Stadium, 1990, and the United Overseas Bank Plaza, 1992); Murphy & Jahn studio (Hitachi Tower with adjoining Caltex House, 1994); Kohn Pedersen Fox studio (One Raffles Link building, 2001); K. Kurokawa (Lane Crawford Place complexes, 1993, and Republic Plaza, 1995). Other presences of considerable urban impact are the Suntec City Congress and Exhibition Center (1997) of the local DP Architects studio, the new Expo Station (2001, N. Foster) with an emphatic, deliberately “exotic” plate roof, and finally the The Esplanade complex (2002, DP Architects, with M. Wilford & Associates studio), comprising theaters, cinemas and leisure venues.

STRAIT OF Singapore Arm of the sea (104 km long, 16 wide) between the island of Singapore and the Riau, which joins the Strait of Malacca with the South China Sea. It is crossed by important shipping lines.