Sierra Leone Military

Sierra Leone 1997

Sierra Leone is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, SL is the two-letter ISO code of Sierra Leone, and SLE is the three-letter country abbreviation for Sierra Leone.

Yearbook 1997

Sierra Leone. According to Countryaah, the national day of Sierra Leone is April 27. The military conducted a coup in late May. Parliament dissolved and then-President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fled to neighboring Guinea. The coup leader Johnny Paul Koroma announced the same day in the state-controlled radio that he had occupied the post of head of state and head of government. A few days later, Koroma announced that he had repealed the constitution and that he would reinstate “real” democracy in the country.

Sierra Leone Military

The UN and many countries condemned the coup. Neighboring Nigeria sent troops to Sierra Leone in a failed attempt to reinstate the overthrowing president and his government. No country recognized the junta during the year.

In June, Koroma announced his intention to form a revolutionary council, the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, AFRC, which also included representatives of the RUF, Revolutionary United Front.

Intensive international pressure was under way during the year to give up the military junta. A Commonwealth ministerial committee decided in July to exclude Sierra Leone from the organization until the democratically elected government was re-elected.

The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on the country in mid-October. The UN resolution urged Koroma to relinquish power, cease all acts of violence, and ensure that humanitarian aid reached those in need. Hans Dahlgren, Sweden’s UN ambassador, was appointed to lead the committee which had the task of monitoring compliance with the sanctions.

From a meeting in Guinea at the end of October – where Foreign ministers from the West African organization ECOWAS and representatives of the new government in Sierra Leone participated – announced that the military junta signed a peace plan. According to the six points of the agreement, a ceasefire would take place immediately and a disarmament of the military forces would be implemented. Juntan also agreed to reinstate the overthrown president on April 22, 1998. According to the agreement, he will then lead a broadly composed unity government.

Pleasure scenes erupted in Sierra Leone’s capital Freetown when news of the peace plan was announced. However, food shortages and homelessness were a major problem in the country. The UN estimated that more than 200,000 people were in urgent need of food aid because of the fighting in the country.

SIERRA LEONE. – British colony and protectorate of Africa. The colony includes a peninsula, which ends in Cape Sierra Leone, sold to the English by an indigenous king in 1788 to serve as a refuge for homeless Africans and, later, for freed slaves and also embraces a coastal territory which, starting from said peninsula, extends for 290 km. in a narrow strip that only in proximity to the peninsula exceeds the width of 102 km. The total area of ​​the colony exceeds 10,000 square kilometers and in 1931 the population was 96,422 residents including 420 Europeans. The islands of Los were ceded to France in 1904. Behind the colony, in the hinterland, between 7 ° and 10 ° lat. N. and 10 ° 40 ‘and 13 ° long. O. extends for almost 300 km. the protectorate which has an area of ​​approximately 70,840 sq km. and a population of 1,456.

The coast has deep inlets, which is an unusual feature for Africa and behind the coastal plain, 50 to 70 km wide, the plateau that forms the protectorate rises to heights ranging between 250 and 900 meters above sea level. heights reach up to the peninsula, where they retain a height of over 500 m. Typical formations are granite and red sandstone.

The rainy season begins with the sea winds (monsoon) in April or May, reaches its maximum in July, August and September and ends in November. From December to March there is the dry season, during which it blows from the NE. the harmattan wind which carries a lot of dust from the desert forming a cloud. Tornados also happen. The amount of rainfall varies considerably: from 3600 to 5000 mm. Usually the total is between 3800 and 4500 mm. The annual average temperature exceeds 27 °; the minimum monthly average drops to just over 25 ° during the maximum rainfall, in July and August, and rises to almost 28 ° in March, at the end of the dry season. The variation is therefore slight and the climate is therefore unhealthy for Europeans, although steps have been taken to reduce fevers. In the interior, on the plateau,

The coastal vegetation of mangroves is succeeded by a land rich in trees: oil palms, coconut palms and several other varieties of palms are common, as well as pink wood, ebony, African oak, frankincense, baobabs, bread trees, various kinds of pepper, several aloe, kola, coral wood (Baphia nitida), various rubber-producing trees, such as copal, dredge and acacia, coffee, cotton, millet, ginger. The fauna is typical of West Africa and includes the leopard and the chimpanzee that preferably inhabit the forests, the antelope that frequents the most open lands. The waters are inhabited by hippos, manatees, crocodiles, various species of tortoises, etc. Insects abound in species and numbers.