San Marino is a country located in Europe. According to AbbreviationFinder, SM is the two-letter ISO code of San Marino, and SMR is the three-letter country abbreviation for San Marino.
According to Countryaah, the national day of San Marino is September 3. In April 2009, the G20 leaders agreed on tougher efforts against the world’s tax havens as a result of the global economic crisis. In May, 5 executives of San Marino’s largest bank and oldest financial institution, Cassa di Risparmio, were arrested and charged with money laundering. In an effort to reduce tax evasion, in July, Italy gives amnesty to ice cream Italians who take their money home from tax havens. The San Marino government declares in August that it has made changes in line with the OECD’s financial transparency recommendations to be removed from the organization’s “gray list”.
The November 2012 election was won by the Christian Democratic Alliance San Marino Bene Comune, which got 35 seats in the 60-seat state council, the other Christian Democratic Alliance Intesa per il Paese got 12, while the left-wing alliance Cittadinanza Attiva got 9.
History. – Tradition has it that towards the middle of the century. IV d. C. a stonecutter named Marino, coming from the island of Arbe, landed with other companions on the beach of Rimini, to attend to the restoration of the port and the walls there; that from Rimini he had the opportunity to climb Mount Titano several times to look for boulders and stones; and after some time he settled there, tired of the hard work and the constant persecutions he had to suffer for the Christian faith he embraced. Other comrades in trade and religion did not take long to follow him, and they withdrew with him in the mirrors of the mountain, giving themselves (in a kind of hermitage) to the practices of the new cult. It seems that Gaudenzio, bishop of Rimini, also helped to form this nascent Christian aggregate by sending new refugees there; and that Marino, gathered around him shepherds and woodcutters from the neighborhood, he soon made the hermitage a small religious and civil congregation, erecting a chapel in honor of St. Peter on the top of the mountain. The wood and the surrounding land were made productive and the congregation increased in proselytes and habitations, which soon formed a town, which over time took on the name of the holy founder.
From the century IV to X this small people, wrapped in solitude, continued to rule first with customs, then according to Lombard law. Little by little the congregation was transformed, its institutes were transformed; it became a vico, then a parish church, and finally a castle, adopting civil government regulations. Thanks to his strong posture and also because of his poverty, he did not initially suffer barbarian invasions and was able to live for some time forgotten, devoting himself to pastoralism and agriculture.
Later, when it was threatened by the raids of the Hungarians, the Saracens, the Normans, the castle began to fortify itself. And so the three towers were built on the natural fortresses: the Rocca, the Fratta, the Montale, which joined by defensive walls made the nascent bulwark of freedom more and more armed and solid. After the sec. XI, during the investiture struggle, San Marino also became a municipality with its own statutes and consuls, and was able to extend its domain with purchases and spontaneous dedications on some fiefs of the counts of Carpegna and of the monks of S. Gregorio in Conca. Then came the drafting of the statutes. The oldest date back to the century. XIII, the last (partly still in force) dates back to 1600.
The San Marino municipality suffered from the pitfalls of the feudatory bishops of the neighboring seats of Rimini and Montefeltro as a result of the alleged donation from Pipini, was involved in the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, and brought back diplomas of recognition from the papal vicars, cardinals E. Albornoz and Anglic de Grimoard, enjoyed the protection of the Feltreschi counts who became dukes of Urbino, a sign was made to the abuse of power by the Malatesta lords of Rimini and its surroundings; but he was always right with the advantage of his own freedom and independence and increased the territory with the (gualdarie) jurisdictions of the neighboring villages.
Having assumed the name of republic, it acquired greater importance among the states of the peninsula, so as to be sought for alliances and friendships. The most memorable was the one contracted in the years 1460-1463 with Pope Pius II and with Frederick Duke of Urbino in the war against Sigismondo Malatesta, thereby increasing its territory of the castles of Fiorentino, Montegiardino, Serravalle and Faetano. With these acquisitions, which were the last in its history, the republic increasingly asserted itself and consolidated, so much so that it was considered one of the Italian states with which it had continuous relations; especially with the dominion of the Church, which became neighboring after the suppression of the lordship of the Malatesta, with the Dukes of Urbino, always good friends and valid defenders, and with the republics of Florence and Venice.