Samoa is a country located in Oceania. According to AbbreviationFinder, WS is the two-letter ISO code of Samoa, and WSM is the three-letter country abbreviation for Samoa.
Samoa. At the suggestion of the Prime Minister, according to Countryaah, the national day of Samoa is June 1. The country’s legislative assembly in July adopted a constitutional amendment that would change the name from Western Samoa to Samoa.
In 1970, Tupua Tamasese Lealofi was elected prime minister and he began a comprehensive battle against the Matai. He supported foreign companies who wanted to settle in the country but who were opposed by the family clans.
In 1976 elections were held in which the opposition triumphed and Tupuola Taisi Efi assumed the post of prime minister. In 1979, he survived a vote of confidence in Parliament. Rising oil prices and the fall in exports led the government to impose strict controls on basic commodities such as rice, beef and chicken that were imported. Prices of cocoa and copra on the world market fell, further aggravating the economic situation. This is the reason why 2,000 of the country’s inhabitants emigrate annually.
In February 1982, general elections were held and the result was that the government was handed over to the Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP), Váai Kolone. Already in September, however, the government was removed due to corruption and abuse of power.
In the 1985 election, the HRPP gained an absolute majority in parliament as it gained 31 out of 47 seats. In April 1988 Tofilau Eti Alesana took over from the HRPP the post of Prime Minister. Despite the political changes, the country’s economic situation remained critical.
Malnutrition worsened so that in 1991, it affected 1 in every 6 preschoolers and 11% of school-age children. The sea around the archipelago is poor in fish and therefore it is necessary to import. In contrast, the archipelago has 200,000 hectares of arable land, of which less than a third is cultivated.
The constitutional reform of 1991 extended the parliamentary term of office from 3 to 5 years, increasing the number of seats from 47 to 49. The first female minister in the country’s history, Fiame Naomi this year took over the post of Minister of Education.
Language. – Samoan belongs to the Western group of the Polynesian language family (see Polynesia: Languages). It has a very simple and poor consonant system; consonant clusters are unknown and each voice comes out in a vowel. The grammatical gender does not exist. There are three numbers in the noun and pronoun. The dual and the plural of pronouns have two forms, one inclusive and one exclusive depending on whether the person to whom one is addressing participates in the action or not; p. eg, ‛ oit ā ua ” we two “(including” you and I to whom I speak “); ‛ Oim ā ua “the two of us” (excl. ie “me and another, but not you to whom I speak”). The verbal system is relatively simple; with repetition frequentative and intensive verbs are formed, p. ex.: sa – ‘ ili, frequ. sa – ‘ ili – ili “seek”; by doubling the simultaneous, p. eg.: a – lofa “to love”, a – lo – lofa “to love together”. Practical grammars generally consider these forms as “plural” of verbal voices. With the prefix fe – reciprocal verbs are generally formed (eg, fealophanes “love each other”), but also the intensive (eg, femeina’i “to do quickly”) and frequentatives (eg, femaliua’i “go from place to place”).
On the islands and in general, v. G. Turner, Samoa a hundred years ago, London 1884; WB Churchward, My consulate in Samoa, London 1887; A. Marsues, Iles Samoa, Lisbon 1889; A. Kraemer, Die Samoa Inseln, Stuttgart 1902-03; Th. Trood, Island Reminiscences (Samoa), Sydney 1912; RM Watson, History of Samoa, London 1919; WAG Skinner, Handbook of Western Samoa, Wellington 1925; HF Brijan, American Samoa, a General Report by the Governor, Washington 1927.