Oman Military

Oman 1997

Oman is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, OM is the two-letter ISO code of Oman, and OMN is the three-letter country abbreviation for Oman.

Yearbook 1997

Oman At the end of July, the telecommunications group Ericsson received an order from General Telecommunications Organizations in Oman, worth SEK 158 million. According to Countryaah, the national day of Oman is November 18. The order means that Ericsson will expand the mobile phone network in the capital Muskat.

Oman Military

On October 16, elections were held for Oman’s consultative council (Majlis ash-shura), which has been around since 1992. 51,000 electors, including 10% women, selected 164 people from a list of 736 candidates. In December, Sultan Qabus ibn Said Al Said appointed the council’s 82 members among these 164 people. The choice was unique to the Arab Gulf states because of its relative openness to women (of the 736 candidates, 27 were women). However, the powers of the Council are limited. It can give advice on economic and social issues, but does not pass laws or comment on foreign policy issues.

OMAN

The independent sultanate of Oman, according to recent calculations, occupies an area of ​​212,380 km 2 and counts 550,000 residents mostly Arabs, then Indians, Persians and Negroes. In September 1958 the port and the territory of Gwadar (774.8 km 2 and 5000 residents), On the Belucistani coast of the Arabian Sea, formerly owned by the Oman, Were ceded to Pakistan, while the extreme coastal strip of the peninsula Musandam still depends on the Pirate Coast (Trucial Oman). The economic resources of the sultanate, an exporter of dates, fruit and fish, are of modest importance, but recent oil research gives rise to more comforting forecasts for the future. Currently two concessionary companies, one for the district of Dhofar (with two wells in operation) and one for the rest of the sultanate, are carrying out important drilling. The revenues of the state derive above all from the collection of customs duties on goods traded with the countries of the Arabian Gulf and with the United Kingdom (trade agreements with this country were reaffirmed in 1951). The development of communications has also been modest in recent years, except for the construction of the short highway that connects the capital Muscat (pop. 5,500) with el-Maṭraḥ (pop. 8500), base for communications with the interior.

History. – After the partial separation, in 1913, of the territory of Oman from the sultanate of Muscat, the imam (religious head) of the Oman in a few years he managed to create a kind of autonomous theocracy that increasingly loosened the bonds of dependence on the Sultan of Muscat. The long period of equilibrium and tension between the two powers was broken in 1955, when Imam Ghalib bin Ali asked to be admitted as an independent ruler in the Arab League and granted himself the right to issue his own passports. The Sultan of Muscat then decided to re-establish his authority and occupied the capital of the O with his forces. from which the imam fled. In July 1957 the imam tried to reoccupy the Oman, But British forces, on the basis of the so-called treaty of Sib (1928), intervened immediately.