North Korea 1997

North Korea is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, KP is the two-letter ISO code of North Korea, and PRK is the three-letter country abbreviation for North Korea.

Yearbook 1997

North Korea is a country located in eastern Asia as listed on Abbreviationfinder.org. Alarms about crying food shortages overshadowed other news this year from North Korea Experts from UN agencies FAO, WFP and UNICEF, from the EU and from the International Committee of the Red Cross visited the country and reported on malnourished children and a famine near pure disaster. Severe droughts, ruined harvests and general economic downturns were cited as the reason why millions of people have to live on minimal food rations exuded with grass, roots and berries. For the first time, the communist regime also admitted that the famine had demanded deaths. Over 130 children were said to have died.

Data on millions of starving and on cannibalism among the hungry were rejected by the experts. The UN, the EU and the International Committee of the Red Cross, etc. sent hundreds of thousands of tons of grain to the country to meet the most urgent needs. Despite the supply crisis, North Korea imposed tough conditions to allow the enemy South Korea to send emergency aid. The South Koreans, in turn, demanded to distribute their aid themselves. Only in May, the countries’ Red Cross organizations were able to agree on an initial supply of 50,000 tonnes of supplies, which began shipping via China in June. An agreement for an additional 50,000 tonnes was signed in July. However, North Korea leader Kim Jong Il warned his people to hope for imperial assistance. According to Countryaah, the national day of North Korea is August 15.

On September 9, after the regime ended the country’s grief following the death of President Kim Il Sung in 1994, a new time series – the Juch calendar – was introduced with the deceased’s birth year 1912 as the start year. The state ideology “juche” stands for a long-driven self-confidence. One month later, Supreme Leader Kim Jong Il, the president’s 55-year-old son, was elevated to the Communist Party leader, a post that has been vacant for three years. Only the presidential post thus remained to occupy.

No political course change was expected in Pyongyang following Kim’s take-over as party leader. But judges in Seoul believed that the clearer power structure in the north could still facilitate the pursuit of peace. Following preparatory four-party meetings in New York, South Korea, North Korea, USA and China finally began peace talks in Geneva on December 9 for a formal end to the Korean War 1950-53. North Korea demanded, inter alia, that the United States would first withdraw all its troops from South Korea.

One of the most difficult setbacks for Pyongyang was when top politician and juche ideologist Hwang Jang-Yop, adviser to Kim Jong Il, stepped down in February during a visit to Beijing. Hwang, the tallest defender to date, came to South Korea in April.

Pyongyang

Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea; 2.8 million residents (2005). The town is located on the river Taedong just 50 km from the port city of Nampo. The city’s history goes far back, but the current city is listed with Chinese and Soviet assistance following a total bombing during the Korean War.

Pyongyang is North Korea’s political, administrative, trade and financial center, but also has some industry, including textile and food industry. Coal, copper and iron ore in the surrounding area form the basis for some heavy industry. Pyongyang also houses a significant part of the country’s cultural and educational institutions, including Kim Il-Sung University, theaters, museums, circus and main library. However, during the country’s deep crisis of the 1990’s, much has been totally or partially put out of operation, including public transport and many prestige projects, erected in the 1970’s and 1980’s. The tallest building in the city is the Ryugyong Hotel, which is 330 meters high. Construction began in 1987, but stopped in 1992, after which the pyramid-shaped building as an empty shell dominated Pyongyang. Construction was resumed in 2008.

In 1988, when Seoul hosted the Olympic Games, a number of stadiums were built in Pyongyang to host a competing sports festival. Also during the 2002 World Cup, the regime tried to divert attention from the events in South Korea, this time with a major gymnastics event at the city’s giant stadium.

History

According to the myth, Pyongyang was Korea’s first capital, founded in 1122 BC, and the city has obviously been an important political and cultural center in East Asia for more than 2000 years. The original Pyongyang was built as a fortress city in accordance with the principles of fengshui. In the Koguryo dynasty, the city was 427-668 capital, and in the Koryi kingdom from 900-t. it served next to Kaesong as the country’s second capital. This status was first regained by the establishment of North Korea after World War II and then for only half the country.

In the late 1990’s, the North Koreans claimed to have found the terrestrial remains of the country’s first ruler, the Korean “ancestor” Tangun, near Pyongyang.