Niger is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, NE is the two-letter ISO code of Niger, and NER is the three-letter country abbreviation for Niger.
Niger. In mid-January, riots broke out in the capital Niamey. Participants in the large demonstration train that pulled through the city drew sharp criticism of the government’s undemocratic policies. According to Countryaah, the national day of Niger is August 3. More than 50 people were arrested and both the president and the prime minister called for calm. Among the arrested were former President Mahamane Ousmane.
|Unemployment rate||, 3%|
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 21,860,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||4.90%|
|GDP per capita||$ 1,200|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||63%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||4.80%|
|National debt||45.30% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves|
|Number of visitors||135,000|
The President dissolved the government on two occasions during the year. The latter conversion, which was done in November, was more pervasive than the first (in April). In November, the President dismissed Prime Minister Cissé and appointed Foreign Minister Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki instead. President Maïnassara described the dismissed government as incompetent and invited the opposition to join the new government. The opposition welcomed the president’s invitation but felt it would be better to call for general elections to resolve the country’s political crisis.
NIGER. – Republic of West Africa, independent since 1960: on an area of 1,267,000 km 2 in 1976 it counted 4,730,000 residents, different by ethnicity; the increase in recent years is in line with the African average values, even if the density remains among the lowest: 3.7 residents per km 2. The population is concentrated in the southern regions, particularly in the Niger valley, as demonstrated by the distribution of the few centers over 30,000 residents: Zinder, Maradi, Tahoua and Niamey, the capital, alone to exceed 100,000 residents. (1977: 175,000).
Although increasing, income per – capita is still very low (90 dollars USA in 1973), and the ten-year plan 1973-82 points to a development in all fields, thanks to foreign agl’investimenti from the exploitation of uranium deposits. Official language is French; the school attendance rate is still low and there are no universities.
The territory, desert in the north and steppe in the south, is more than three quarters unproductive and only 12% is occupied by crops, whose crops, moreover, have been ruined in recent years by the persistence of a severe drought. These are mainly subsistence crops (millet, sorghum, cassava and small quantities of onions, rice, corn, sweet potatoes and dates) and among those for export the only one of some interest is peanut (cotton and tobacco still produce negligible). The production of timber is discreet. A very important and traditional sector is represented by livestock, which, although severely affected by the recent drought, is still a source of export to Dahomey, Nigeria and Ghana. Fishing is more than enough to meet the needs.
The mining fortune of the Niger begins in 1966 with the discovery of the uranium deposits of Arlit, for the reserves of which the Niger is today in fifth place in the western world. The production of Arlit (1460 t of uranium oxide in 1976) is exploited by a mixed company, with state (N. and France) and private (Péchiney-Motka, CFMU, Urangesellschaft, Agip) shareholdings. Another field, near Akokan, has been exploited since 1977 by another mixed company in which Niger, France and Japan are jointly interested; while US companies have obtained oil exploration permits. The production of tin is discreet, while those of iron, phosphates and salt are less important.
Energy production, although significantly increased in the last decade, is still scarce, as is industrialization, which counts only a few oil mills, cotton ginning plants, minor food factories, some tannery and a cement factory.
The trade balance, seriously deficit, after the exploitation of uranium has seen the liabilities shrink to almost break even (deficit of nearly 30 million dollars in 1970 and just over 2 in 1975); most of the trade takes place with France, followed by the other EEC countries and Nigeria.
The road network (7468 km in 1973), despite the efforts, remains very poor, while the railway one is still absent. Of great importance is the Niger river route, currently used by Niamey in Malanville (Benin) and which is expected to be further strengthened. The Niger’s main airport, Niamey, served only nearly 68,000 passengers in 1975.