Mongolia 1997

Mongolia is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, MN is the two-letter ISO code of Mongolia, and MNG is the three-letter country abbreviation for Mongolia.

Yearbook 1997

Mongolia. According to Countryaah, the national day of Mongolia is December 29. The bourgeois government that took office in 1996 has accelerated the restoration of the public economy. Crisis-hit banks have been closed, government spending has been sharply reduced, and fees for electricity, water, etc. has been raised. In May, Mongolia was probably the first country to abandon all customs duties. The lenders pay tribute to the reforms, but the individual Mongols are severely affected and have seen their real wages fall by 30% in one year. Abolished price controls have led to rapid inflation and unemployment of about 28%. The United Nations Agricultural Organization FAO warned in October of food shortages. One fifth of the population is classified as poor and at risk.

In the May presidential election, the former Communist Party candidate Natsagijn Bagabandi won by more than 60% of the vote before the bourgeois President Punsalmaagijn Otjirbat, who got just under 30%. Bagabandi, in February elected leader of the Mongolian Revolutionary Party, Mongol Ardyn Chuvisgalt Nam, promised to slow the pace of reform and focus more on social issues. However, privatization will continue and the government plans to sell more than 800 state-owned companies by 2000, among other things. the airline and the largest copper mine.

Aro’s dwelling is a yurt

Everyone can imagine the typical Mongolian landscape in their mind: a green, gently undulating steppe to the unseen and above the blue sky. Here and there a large herd of horses or sheep, smoke rising from the fireplace of a round felt yurt. These landscapes are encountered by the traveler in the central highlands of the country, which are crossed by large rivers (Selenga and Orkhon, among others) and the Khanga Mountains. Going north to the Russian border, the landscape turns into a coniferous forest and in the south into the Gobi Desert. The Altai mountain range runs through the southwestern part of the country. For nature tourists, Mongolia offers an incredible deal. Landscapes ranging from sand dunes to wetlands are home to an original fauna and flora. Large dinosaurs and their contemporaries already lived here. Today, in Hustain Nuru National Park, a tourist tries to see a glimpse of wild przewalski’s horses, tachoes. The only tachy population of about 300 individuals in the world lives in Mongolia. Other rare animals include snow leopard, wild camel, Asian wild donkey (khulan), saiga antelope and sable. Safer “bongas” include numerous birds, such as large eagles and hawks, as well as marmots that rush into their cavities.

The lifestyle of the people of Mongolia is still quite nomadic. The yurt is easy to pack and re-erect on the center saloon and roof frame. The men’s side is on the left when viewed from the door, the women’s and children’s side on the right. The fireplace in the middle – also the preserver and maintainer of the sacred fire for the ancient Mongols – is the heart of the dwelling. On top of the altar cabinet were figures of gods protecting the family in the Samogitian period, now mostly the image of the Dalai Lama. The hospitable hostess offers an oak made from mare’s milk, which was called rubber gum by Finnish explorers Sakari Pälsi and GJ Ramstedt, who moved in the area almost a hundred years ago. The host may entertain his guests by playing a horse’s head violin and a special-sounding throat song.