Monaco is a country located in Europe. According to AbbreviationFinder, MC is the two-letter ISO code of Monaco, and MCO is the three-letter country abbreviation for Monaco.
Monaco. According to Countryaah, the national day of Monaco is November 19. The highlight of the year was the 700th anniversary of the ascendancy of the Grimaldi family on the Monegasque throne. Celebrations – in which 73-year-old Prince Rainier III, the 29th ruler of the Monaco, was the centerpiece – marked the entire year, while the actual celebration was celebrated January 8. On February 3, Michel Lévêque assumed the post of Prime Minister after the resignation of Paul Dijoud.
Family issues and quarrels after the advent of James I of the Matignon house, son-in-law of Louis I, did not change the political situation of the principality, which lived a purely local closed life. He suffers serious danger and damaging incursions only in the war of succession of Austria, when, placed between the Sardinian-Austrians and the Gallo-Hispanics, weakness prevents him from enforcing his own neutrality.
The French revolution had immediate repercussions. At first O noratoIII grants constitutional reforms which are then revoked, and can save his state for some time; but at the outbreak of the war with Piedmont, France renounced the protectorate, regaining full freedom of action, while an improvised Monegasque national assembly, under the protection of the French generals, declared the principality lapsed and invoked the annexation, immediately accepted, to France (January 3, 1793). Monaco, which became Porto Ercole, and included in the department of the Maritime Alps thus crossed the entire Napoleonic age. The Treaty of Paris of May 1814 re-establishes the situation of 1792, but the Treaty of Vienna instead assigns the protectorate to the Kingdom of Sardinia, which thus achieves the ancient aspiration and recalls the feudal rights so often affirmed. The new relationship of the Savoy protection is regulated by the treaty of Stupinigi (November 8, 1817); after which Prince Onorato V, revolting against the internal administration, tries to compensate with rigid fiscal means the loss occurred during the revolution of private goods, always served to the needs of the small state. The tax issue, aggravated under the government of his brother and successor F. Lorestano, digs an abyss between the prince and the people: Piedmont tries to take advantage of it by proposing, in vain, the purchase of the principality. In this situation, the reform and constitutional movement that stirred all of Italy after the election of Pius IX also penetrated the principality and especially in Menton, nor did the stunted and belated concessions stop it. The agitation, to which the Piedmontese work is not unrelated, culminated in the establishment of free cities of Menton and Roccabruna, so that the principality was reduced to Monaco still garrisoned by Sardinian troops. These withdrawn due to the cession treaty of Nice to France, C arloIII, seeing vain the protests because the two free cities are included in them, he induces them to surrender them to France, for pecuniary compensation (February 2, 1861). Once the Sardinian protectorate ceased automatically, the principality, even within its narrowest territorial limits and completely surrounded by France, became autonomous and without limitation of sovereignty. But, having lost the character it had for centuries as a point of contact for large states, all included within the French territory and linked to France by the unification of postal and telegraphic customs services, it ceases from any political action, changes its physiognomy and function and becomes one of the major tourist and social centers of the Riviera. The new means of communication contribute to this, especially the opening of the Genoa-Nice railway (1868), but above all the institution of the gambling house in the Montecarlo district which allows to resolve the difficult fiscal question by abolishing direct taxes with its incomes (1869). Quiet some troubles in 1870, Prince Carlo II (died in 1889) and his son A lberto (died in 1922), famous as a scientist, carry out a whole work of internal reorganization by renewing the codes and administration, founding luxury industries suitable for particular foreign customers, restoring the royal palace, building the new cathedral and the church of S. Carlo.
It has governed Prince Louis II since 1922 ; the succession belongs to the grandchildren, children of Princess Carlotta divorced from Prince Pietro di Polignac.