Moldova Military

Moldova 1997

Moldova is a country located in Europe. According to AbbreviationFinder, MD is the two-letter ISO code of Moldova, and MDA is the three-letter country abbreviation for Moldova.

Yearbook 1997

Moldova. According to Countryaah, the national day of Moldova is August 27. Petru Lucinschi was installed as president on January 15 after the victory in the November/December 1996 elections. The next day he appointed Ion Ciubuc as prime minister.

Also in the breakaway region of the Dnestre Republic, a presidential installation took place when Igor Smirnov January 10, after being re-elected in December 1996, was installed for a second period.

Moldova Military

The newly elected presidents held a meeting in early January to discuss the resumption of negotiations on the future relations between the M. and the Dnestre Republic. The talks had been down since the summer of 1996, when then-Moldovan President Mircea Snegur had refused to sign a diplomatic note on normalizing relations between the parties.

In April, there was a breakthrough in the talks between Moldova and representatives of the Dnestre Republic, led by Russian Foreign Minister Yevgenej Primakov as mediator. It was decided to sign the diplomatic note on normalization, which was then implemented by Presidents Petru Lucinschi and Igor Smirnov in Moscow on May 8. Russian President Boris Yeltsin and his Ukrainian colleague Leonid Kuchma signed on as guarantors.

Many assessors regarded the note as a breakthrough, even though it contained no other commitments to the parties than to continue the talks “within the framework of a state.” Nor does the note say anything about what constitutional status should finally be granted to the Dnestre Republic.

In mid-October, the two parties agreed on a number of “confidence-building measures” to further improve relations between them. The measures include mutual monitoring of troop movements in the security zone between the M. and the Dnestre Republic and a reduction in this zone. On November 10, Prime Minister Ciubuc and President Smirnov signed an agreement on increased economic and social cooperation between the parties.

At the beginning of November, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) confirmed its intention to postpone the last installment of a loan it granted to Moldova. The reason was that the Moldova government failed to meet the financial goals required for the loan.

Country data

Area: 33,846 km2 (world rank: 136)

Population: 3,550,000

Population density: 105 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 131)

Capital: Chisinau (Chisinau, Kishinev)

Official languages: Romanian

Gross domestic product: 8.1 billion US $; Real growth: 4.5%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 2180 US$

Currency: Transnistrian ruble

Embassy

Gotlandstr. 16, 10439 Berlin
Telephone 030 44652970,
Fax 030 44652972

Government
Head of State: Igor Dodon, Head of Government: Pavel Filip, Outside: Tudor Ulianovschi

National holiday: 27.8.

Administrative structure
32 districts, 2 city districts, 1 autonomous area (Gagauzia); Transnistria de facto outside of Moldovan control

State and form of government
Constitution of 1994
Republic of
Parliament (Parlamentul) with 101 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 4 years (one-time re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years of age

Population: Moldovans, last census 2014 (without Transnistria): 2,998,235 residents
75.1% Moldovans, 7.0% Romanians, 6.6% Ukrainians, 4.6% Gagauz, 4.1% Russians, 1.9% Bulgarians

Cities (with population): Tiraspol state 2014: 133,807 residents.

Religions: 94% Orthodox; Minorities of Catholics, Protestants and Jews; 5% without religion (status: 2006)

Languages: Romanian; Minority languages: Ukrainian, Russian, Gagauz, Bulgarian, German, Polish, Romany, Yiddish

Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 33%, industry 17%, business 50% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 4.5%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 6.6%

Foreign trade: import: 4.8 billion US$ (2017); Export: US $ 2.4 billion (2017)

 

Climate

Moderate rural climate. The summers are long and warm, the winters moderately cold with frequent snowstorms.