Micronesia is a country located in Oceania. According to AbbreviationFinder, FM is the two-letter ISO code of Micronesia, and FSM is the three-letter country abbreviation for Micronesia.
According to Countryaah, the national day of Micronesia is November 3. In 1978, a referendum was held on the formation of the Federation of Micronesian States. In 4 states, there was a majority for this solution, while Palau and Marshall Islands decided to continue under their own status.
Before the war, exports had been based on fishing and coconuts, but the increase in population made this production base insufficient. To survive, the islands received financial “assistance” from the United States.
The superpower used a number of islands to test nuclear bombs, such as Bikini and Eniwetok, where the first hydrogen bomb was tested in 1954. The blasts caused the civilian population to be moved from the islands and they have not yet been able to return. By mistake, the Bikini Atoll and 34 nearby small islands were declared habitable in 1968, but in 1977 studies revealed that the water, fruits and vegetables remained too radioactive to be eaten.
Several countries decided that the simplest way to dispose of radioactive waste was to deposit them in the Pacific, which therefore became a veritable landfill for the international nuclear industry and nuclear power plants. This situation has sparked vigorous protests from locals who have been affected by the spill from the depots. In a number of cases, the people have been deported from their islands for the US Navy to carry out military maneuvers.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
State unit of Oceania, located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean and made up of four federated states (Pohnpei, formerly Ponape; Chunk, formerly Truk; Kosrae; Yap), whose territories are included in the Caroline Islands and spread over 607 islands and volcanic islets. Each state has its own assembly and governor; official language is English. The total area of the country is 707 km ² ; the population, mainly of Melanesian and Indonesian origin, was 104 at the 1994 census. 724 residents, Risen to 114. 000 to a 1998 estimate ; capital is Palikir (5500 residents in1990), on the island of Pohnpei. The high annual growth coefficient (21 ‰ in the period 1990-97) has exacerbated the country’s economic problems, forcing a large part of the workforce to emigrate. Traditional activities include agricultural crops (coconuts, sweet potatoes, cassava and bananas) and fishing. Another source of income is tourism, with over 20. 000 visitors a year. The islands, however, are heavily dependent on US and Japanese economic aid and licensing for tuna fishing.
Formed into a federation in May 1979, the four member states of Micronesia remained under the trusteeship of the United States until 1986, when the pact of free association signed with the latter in 1982 became executive. From 1991 the Federated States of Micronesia became part of the United Nations. The Federation, however, remained strictly dependent on the Americans in both defense and economy. In 1991 B. Olter took over from J. Haglelgam, in office since 1987, as President of the Republic. Re-elected in 1995, Olter was forced out of office for health reasons and was replaced in 1997by J. Nena. In May 1999 the latter was replaced by L. Falcam.