Mauritius is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, MU is the two-letter ISO code of Mauritius, and MUS is the three-letter country abbreviation for Mauritius.
Mauritius. In June, Deputy Prime Minister Paul Raymond Bérenger was dismissed by Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam. The dismissal meant that the government coalition between Bérenger’s party Mouvement Militant Mauritius (MMM) and Ramgoolam’s Mauritius Labor Party (MLP) was dissolved. According to Countryaah, the national day of Mauritius is March 12. The coalition had ruled the country since the December 1995 elections and the conflict between the two government parties had been going on for a long time.
In July, a new government was formed, consisting solely of members of the MLP.
President Jugnauth’s Militant Socialist Movement entered a coalition with the Mauritian Labor Party up to the May 2010 parliamentary elections. The coalition won the election and won 45 of Parliament’s 69 seats.
Jugnauth resigned from the presidential post on March 30, 2012. As a reason, he indicated disagreement with the rest of his cabinet. The post was temporarily taken over by Vice President Agnès Monique Ohsan Bellepeau. In July, Parliament appointed Kailash Purryag as new president.
The December 2014 parliamentary elections became a landslide victory for the Lepep alliance, passing 34 seats to 51, giving it the absolute majority in the 70-seat parliament. The PTR-MMM alliance lost 18 and had to settle for 16 mandates. Even former Prime Minister Navin Rangoolam lost his seat in parliament. The MSM’s Anerood Jugnauth subsequently formed government and became prime minister himself.
In February 2015, the country marked the 180th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the country.
In March 2015, the International Arbitration Court handed down its full and final ruling in the case, which Mauritius had brought before it in 2010. The reason was that the United Kingdom had unilaterally declared a large marine area around Diego Garcia (Chagos archipelago) for “protected marine area”. Mauritius had for decades tried to get the islands back, Britain robbed of the country in 1965, and the court granted Mauritius the right of Britain’s unilateral incorporation of the sea area around Chagos to be illegal.
President Purryag resigned in agreement with the government in May 2015, handing over the post to Ameenah Gurib Fakim. She became the country’s first female president.
In January 2017, Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth resigned. He was succeeded in the post by his son, Pravind Jugnauth. He had been Minister of Information Technology since 2014. The son’s appointment sparked protests from the opposition.
Population. – Estimated at 426,000 residents in January 1944, at the 1952 census it was 501,741 residents (of which more than 100,000 whites and mestizos), and in December 1958 of 613,888 residents (esteem). Port Louis, the capital, had 69,963 residents at the 1952 census. (104,016, with the suburbs, in 1958). Other important centers are (population of 1944) Curepipe, 27,446 residents; Rose Hill and Beau Bassin, 26,612; Quatre Bornes, 11.100. In 1957 the birth rate was 43.1%, the death rate was 13%. Of the dependent islands, Rodrigues (102.4 km 2) had 16,535 residents. in 1957 (estimate; double that in 1932); the archipelago of Chagos (122 km 2) had over 1750 in 1952, of which 620 on the Diégo García island.
Economic conditions. – About 84,000 ha are arable land (of which 76,000 are sugar cane); 44,000 ha of permanent meadows and pastures; 36,000 ha of forests. In 1957 5,620,000 q of sugar were produced (which constituted 92.2% of exports), 17,500 q of sanseviera, 8590 q of tea, 4380 q of tobacco, as well as 10,000 q of corn, 10,000 q of cassava, 30,000 q of potatoes, etc. The zootechnical patrimony in 1956 was 42,000 cattle, 2,000 sheep, 54,000 goats, 4,000 pigs. Fishing yields, on average, 15,000 q of product per year. The industry consists mainly of sugar factories (there are 26 of them), as well as some oil mills for palm oil, and some tobacco processing plants. The production of electricity (over half supplied by water plants) reached 43.4 million kWh in 1957. Foreign trade, almost always in profit,
Communications. – The railways have 131 km of lines; the rolling roads extend for about 1240 km, on which at the end of 1958 over 8300 vehicles were circulating.