Marshall Islands Military

Marshall Islands 1997

Marshall Islands is a country located in Oceania. According to AbbreviationFinder, MH is the two-letter ISO code of Marshall Islands, and MHL is the three-letter country abbreviation for Marshall Islands.

Yearbook 1997

Marshall Islands. At the beginning of the year, Imata Kabua was appointed to succeed the deceased Amata Kabua, the country’s first elected president in December 1996. According to Countryaah, the national day of Marshall Islands is May 1. Imata Kabua is the cousin of the deceased president and has previously been the leader of the Kwajaleinatoll.

In the first years after independence, the Marshall Islands established diplomatic and trade relations with most of its neighbors. In 1988, the country was included in the Southern Pacific Economic and Trade Cooperation Agreement.

Marshall Islands Military

On September 17, 1990, at the 46th UN General Assembly, the country was admitted as a member of this organization.

Foreign Minister Tony de Brun formed the Ralik Ratak Democratic Party in June 1991 after distancing himself from President Kabua. At the November elections, Kabua was elected for the 4th consecutive term.

That same year, a Hawaii court ordered the missile tests suspended until studies on the impact of the tests on the environment were conducted. Two years later, local environmental activists turned to an “alternative energy project” that was used to burn used car tires due to the project’s pollution of the atmosphere.

The controversy over the use of the islands reappeared in 1995 when the United States government announced its intention to build a nuclear waste repository on the Bikini Atoll, based on an assessment that the 1946-58 test blasts made the islands uninhabitable for the next 10,000 years. The local government regarded this project as the country’s economic salvation.

In December 1996, President Amata Kabua died. He was temporarily replaced by Kunio Lemari, the Minister of Transport and Communications. In January 1996, Parliament appointed Imata Kabua as new president. He was the cousin of the deceased.

History. – Occupied the Gilbert Islands (see in this App.) In the course of 1943, the Americans, taught by the experience made in Tarawa, sent two groups of aircraft carriers to attack (December 4, 1943) the Japanese air bases of Kwatalene of the Marshalls, warships and merchant ships within the atoll and land installations. Another attack was carried out against Wotje and Nauru. The aircraft carriers bombed the islands along with the battleships, causing many fires and destroying many aircraft. Throughout the month of December these attacks continued starting from the bases set up by the Americans in the Gilbert, bombed with mediocre success by the Japanese. These hammering were only the prelude to the final attack prepared by the forces of the adm. RA Spruance. On January 29, 1944, four groups of aircraft carriers, a division of cruisers and land squadrons of the Gilbert simultaneously attacked the Marshall Islands, particularly the western ones, including Wotho, Kwatalene, Jaluit and Mili. On January 30, both naval and aerial bombardments extended to other islands and continued until February 2. On that day it was decided to land on the atoll of Kwatalene, consisting of the islands of Roi and Namur in the northern part of the atoll – where the air bases were – and of the island of Kwatalene, home to the naval base. The two islands to the north, besides 4 smaller ones, were occupied in the afternoon. The resistance of the southern island was very tough, but it was overcome on February 5th, except for minor centers eliminated on the 8th of the month. At the same time Majuro were occupied, Wotho and Ujae on 10-11 March. At the end of June, Wotje, Jaluit, Maloclap and Mili of the 32 atolls of the group were still in Japanese hands, despite being completely neutralized by the incessant bombing. The Marshall Islands, with the Marianas and the Carolines, were assigned (April 3, 1947) by the UN Security Council in trusteeship to the US, as an area of ​​strategic interest.