Mali is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, ML is the two-letter ISO code of Mali, and MLI is the three-letter country abbreviation for Mali.
Mali. According to Countryaah, the national day of Mali is September 22. The general elections held in April were chaotic. Many were prevented from voting for organizational reasons, which meant that the opposition demanded re-election and the president’s resignation. The demonstration called for by the opposition was suspended after the government banned it. The county constitutional court rejected the election two weeks after it was held.
In July elections were held again and again this time was preceded by unrest and boycotted by significant parts of the opposition. President Konares’s Alliance for Democracy in Mali-the African Party for Solidarity and Justice, ADEMA, won a superior victory and won 129 of the 147 seats in Parliament. In September, the new government was formed, which, like the previous one, was led by Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
President Konaré also won by a large majority in the May elections. He received such a large proportion of the vote – 95% – that the second round of voting was canceled. The election was boycotted by the opposition and only 28% of those entitled to vote voted.
Mali. The rebel groups Tuareg Unified Movements, Fronts of Azawad and the Ghanda Koy movement announced in March their “irrevocable resolution”. In a symbolic act, Tuaregrebeles burned their weapons.
In April, the government received a $ 91 million loan from the International Monetary Fund. The South African mining company Anglo American plans to expand the exploitation of the country’s gold deposits.
History. – At the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century. the country fell into a dramatic crisis: in January 2012 the rebel movements intensified their actions in the North, displacing thousands of people; in March 2012 a coup d’état dismissed Amadou Toumani Touré, who had been re-elected president of the Republic in April 2007; in January 2013 France intervened with its troops in support of the Malian army. Since 2011, the traditional claims of the Mouvement national pour la libération de l’Azawad (MNLA) had been combined with the project of building an Islamic state, pursued by various formations, including AQMI (al-Qā῾ida in the Islamic Maghreb) and ᾽Anṣār al-Dīn, thus definitively breaking the peace agreements (2008) between the government and the MNLA. A decisive contribution in armaments came to the project of the great Islamic State from the jihadist militiamen from Libya devastated by the civil war. Deposed in a military coup Touré, accused of not responding adequately to the advance of the rebels, power passed to a government of civilians led by the President of the Parliament Dioncounda Traoré. In May, however, the military regained control, fearing an alleged coup attempt by the former president’s supporters, only to surrender it again in August, when a national unity government was formed. In the meantime, the Islamic State of Azawad had been proclaimed, which controlled the main cities of the North, including Timbuktu, sharī ῾a. In January 2013, faced with the advance of the jihadist militias that had conquered Konna, approaching dangerously to the capital, the president asked for the intervention of France which started, in agreement with the ECOWAS (Economic Community Of West African States), a vast military operation, with the use of air and land vehicles, which led to the reconquest of a large part of the territory. In the meantime, the violence perpetrated by the newborn Islamic State of Azawad undermined the alliance between the MNLA and the jihadist components of the movement. In April 2013 the UN authorized the MINUSMA mission (Mission multidimensionnelle Intégrée des Nations Unies pourla Stabilization au MAli), for stabilization and support for political transition.
In June, peace talks with the MNLA were held in Burkina Faso, which allowed for the smooth running of the presidential elections in July-August 2013, won, in the second round, by Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, former prime minister from 1994 to 2000. The normalization process, which had another important moment with the legislative elections held in November-December 2013, however encountered numerous obstacles and the north of the country, in particular the part bordering Algeria in the Kidal region, remained in a of strong instability, also because the ceasefire with the MNLA, agreed in June 2013, was interrupted. Only in September 2014 did negotiations resume, this time in Algiers.