Kyrgyzstan is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, KG is the two-letter ISO code of Kyrgyzstan, and KGZ is the three-letter country abbreviation for Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan. On March 18, an agreement was signed between Kyrgyzstan and the Russian Federation to extend Russian control of Kyrgyzstan’s borders to the end of 1997.
In June, unrest broke out on the streets of the capital Bishkek. According to Countryaah, the national day of Kyrgyzstan is August 31. The cause was a convicting conviction against two journalists who were charged with slander and defamation. They were sentenced to 18 months in prison each. Following the verdict, which fell on May 26, a series of protest meetings and demonstrations were held outside the government building, and on June 10, the authorities surrendered and reduced the penalties for the two journalists.
The October 2011 presidential election was won by Social Democrat Almazbek Atambayev with 63% of the vote. Atambayev took over the post on December 1, deploying Omurbek Babanov as its prime minister. Foreign policy Atambayev was targeting Turkey and Russia. With Turkey, the country signed an agreement to increase trade from DKK 300 million. US $ in 2011 to $ 1 billion At the same time, Turkey pledged to secure Turkish investment in Kyrgyzstan of $ 450 million. US $ over the next few years. Ifht. Russia promised Atambayev to forge closer relations – at the expense of US influence in the country.
In November, the security police arrested GKNB a staff member of the International Crisis Group (ICG), who was in Kyrgyzstan to gather information about the country for a report. He was questioned, confiscated and then expelled.
Babanov only managed to sit for 9 months as prime minister. In September 2012, he resigned from the post. He was replaced by Aaly Karashev, who was only in the post for 4 days, after which he was replaced by Zhantoro Satybaldiyev. The country was in deep crisis and Satybaldiyev was soon faced with demands for nationalization of the Kumtor gold mine in the southern part of the country. Gold exports accounted for 12% of the country’s export revenue until the year before, but exports had fallen. However, Satybaldiyev refused to nationalize the mine. In May 2013, protesters stormed the mine and demanded it be nationalized. 50 people were injured. The government responded that it would find other ways to increase production. However, the crisis continued and in March 2014, Satybaldiyev was replaced by former Finance Minister Djoomart Otorbaev.
During Atambayev, Kyrgyzstan moved closer to Russia. In 2014, the US airbase in the country was closed.
In the first half of 2014, the state attorney received 109 reports of torture committed by security forces. However, only 9 of the cases were investigated and only 3 were brought.
In May 2014, the Minister of Justice made proposals for amendments to the NGO law that would make it illegal to create unregistered NGOs. In November, the parliamentary committee on human rights, constitutional law and state structure recommended that the proposal be withdrawn.
In April 2016, Sooronbay Jeenbekov assumed the post of Prime Minister. He resigned from the post when he decided in August 2017 to run for president. After a brief interim president, the post was taken over by Sapar Isakov.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Kyrgyzstan in July 2016 to discuss bilateral relations with President Atambayev. In January, the EU had granted Kyrgyzstan GSP + status. An instrument of EU trade policy which reduced tariff tariffs in return for improving the human rights situation, labor rights and environmental protection.
A referendum passed a series of amendments to the Constitution in December 2016 with 79.6%, 15.4% voting against. The changes included: increased power for the Prime Minister and the House of Commons, a number of legal reforms and a marriage reform, so that marriage could only be concluded between «man and woman», instead of as previously «two people». A backlash for marriage between LGBT people.
The October 2017 presidential election was won by Sooronbay Jeenbekov with 54.7% of the vote. The second largest was Ömürbek Babanov with 34.5%. It was the first time in Central Asia that there was a change of president without the cause of death or revolution.
History. – As in the other Soviet republics, also in Kyrgyzstan the start of political transformations coincided with the years of Gorbachev. Between 1988 and 1989 the emergence of the first organized democratic opposition movements gave voice to some social and ethnic problems, such as the dramatic housing shortage and the persistent conflict between the Kyrgyz and the Uzbek majority in the Oš region, incorporated in 1924 in Soviet Kyrgyzstan.
Despite the growth of the democratic movement, the elections for the Supreme Soviet of February 1990 still recorded the success of the Communist Party thanks to the electoral system, and AM Masaliyev, party secretary since 1985, was appointed president of the Supreme Soviet itself. In June 1990, violent unrest broke out in the Oš region that lasted for several months, causing numerous deaths (230 according to official data, more than 1000 according to other sources), the proclamation of a state of emergency and the closure of the border with the ‘Uzbekistan. This repressive intervention, combined with the absolute immobility in the reform action, discredited the leaders of the regime, favoring a further growth, also organizational, of the opposition, which formed the Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan (KDM) and led in October to the election, by the Supreme Soviet, of the liberal A. Akayev as executive president. The establishment of this new office had been advocated by Masaliyev who aspired to fill it and who, shortly after the defeat, resigned as president of the Supreme Soviet (December 1990). As soon as Akayev took office, he launched a vast program of reforms, especially in the economic field, replaced (January 1991) the Council of Ministers with a more agile cabinet and surrounded himself with young reformists. Meanwhile, despite the opposition of the Communist Party, the Supreme Soviet changed the name of the republic,
In March 1991, Kyrgyzstan took part in the referendum on the Union and voted with a large majority for its maintenance, despite the impetuous pace assumed by the reform policy. In August there was an attempt to overthrow Akayev in conjunction with the failed Moscow coup, which had received the support of the Communist Party. When normality was restored, on August 31 Kyrgyzstan proclaimed independence, while in the same month the Communist Party was suspended (in January 1992 a commission exonerated its leaders from the accusation of having participated in the coup against Akayev). On 12 October 1991, Akayev, the only candidate, was elected president of the new republic and on 21 December, Kyrgyzstan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States in whose constitution he had actively participated. Kyrgyzstan also undertook a lively foreign policy towards both Europe and the other Central Asian republics, with which he entered into a cooperation agreement in 1992. Becoming a full member of the United Nations in March 1992, Kyrgyzstan also joined be part (December 1992) of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (ICO).