Kiribati is a country located in Oceania. According to AbbreviationFinder, KI is the two-letter ISO code of Kiribati, and KIR is the three-letter country abbreviation for Kiribati.
Geography of Kiribati
With the exception of Banaba (Ocean Island), the islands are low coral atolls (rarely more than 5 meters above sea level), covered with coconut and screw palm trees, with sparse undergrowth; the soil is sandy. Banaba is a phosphate-containing coral island; the highest point is 81 meters above sea level.
Banaba, Line Islands and Phoenix Islands have a maritime equatorial climate, while the other islands in the north and south have a tropical, maritime climate. The rainy season lasts from March to October, and annual rainfall varies from about 750 mm to over 3000 mm (lowest in the Phoenix Islands, highest in the northernmost Gilbert Islands); drought periods are not uncommon. Average temperatures are around 27-29 ° C throughout the year, with very small monthly and daily variations.
Wildlife in Kiribati
According to Countryaah, the national day of Kiribati is July 12. The bird fauna in Kiribati is poor in species and consists essentially of seabirds. Small tropical bird, red-footed and brown sole, large frigate bird and 7 tern species can be found here. Some waders, including sandbars, rock faces and the two hikers are annual winter guests.
History. – Sovereign state since 12 July 1979 and member of the Commonwealth, Kiribati had become, together with the Ellice Islands, a British protectorate in 1892 (with the name of Protectorate of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands). In 1915 it assumed the status of colony, and only in January 1977 – after the detachment, in 1975, of the Ellice Islands, which became an independent republic with the name of Tuvalu (see in this Appendix) – did it obtain from the motherland a form of self-government, the first step towards independence.
Presidential republic (the head of state is also head of government) founded on a unicameral system and characterized since its inception by substantial political stability, Kiribati suffers from a very serious economic situation, to which is added, according to the 1989 UN report, an environmental threat: the greenhouse effect, by raising the water level of the oceans, threatens the very existence of the islands of Kiribati, whose height above sea level reaches a maximum of two meters.
In September 1979, Kiribati signed a friendship treaty with the United States which provided for consultations between the two countries on the possible military use of 14 islands of the archipelago as well as of the systems – radars, satellites, etc. – built by the United States on 3 other islands, and granted the latter the right to fish in the territorial waters of Kiribati: in exchange, the United States undertook to provide the country with the necessary aid for economic and social development. This treaty was ratified by the American Senate in June 1981.
However, the question of fishing rights re-emerged in 1985 when, following the stalled negotiations with the United States on the renewal of the agreement, the Parliament of Kiribati, despite strong internal opposition, granted the USSR an exclusive fishing license in the area. The internal political clash on this issue – which favored the birth of the Christian Democratic opposition party led by H. Tong, in fear of a political change in an anti-Western sense – however, meant that, upon expiry, Kiribati did not renew the treaty with the Soviets and that, on the other hand, it would re-engage with the United States for a five-year fishing license in its territorial waters (agreement officially ratified in 1988). In the same year (March 1988) Kiribati signed another annual fishing agreement with South Korea (later renewed in 1990, 1991 and 1992) and in 1990 with Taiwan. However, this policy has led to a dangerous depletion of fish (especially tuna) in the territorial waters of Kiribati, an impoverishment that weighs on the country’s already difficult economy.
As for domestic politics, the first general elections after independence, held in the spring of 1982, in the presence of a still confused political scene given the lack of groups or parties (today there are three: the party that has always ruled, the National Progressive Party of T. Teannaki, the Christian Democratic Party of T. Tito and the Kiribati United Party led by T. Teutoa), saw the confirmation as head of the government and of the state of IT Tabai, president since 1979. Confirmed in the early elections of January 1983 and in subsequent consultations of February 1987, Tabai established diplomatic relations with China (1980), with Tuvalu (March 1984), with Israel (May 1984), with India (August 1985), with the ‘USSR (1990). In May 1991, on the occasion of the fourth round of elections since independence.