Kazakhstan is a country located in Asia. According to AbbreviationFinder, KZ is the two-letter ISO code of Kazakhstan, and KAZ is the three-letter country abbreviation for Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan. On March 1, President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed a decree requiring foreign investors to be tax-exempt in whole or in part during the first five years of operations in Kazakhstan.
|Land area||2,724,900 km²|
|Population density (per km²）||7th|
|Income per capita||$ 26,300|
|ISO 3166 code||concentration camp|
|Internet TLD||.concentration camp|
|License plate||concentration camp|
|Time zone UTC||+ 5 (West Kazakhstan) + 6 (East Kazakhstan)|
|Geographic coordinates||48 00 N, 68 00 O|
A few days later, the president decided on a major reorganization of the government. Several ministries were abolished, including the Ministry of Petroleum and Gas. According to Countryaah, the national day of Kazakhstan is December 16. The measure strengthened State Secretary Achmetzhan Jesimov’s power at the expense of then-Prime Minister Akezjan Kazjegeldins. Jesimov was also appointed head of the newly formed State Investment Committee, with the task of supporting direct investment in Kazakhstan.
A new language law entered into force on July 16. According to this, Kazakh is the official language, while Russian has equal status in state organizations and in some schools (colleges and vocational schools).
On August 23, the National Security Committee released former Prime Minister Akezjan Kazjegeldin from charges of corruption. It was in November 1996 that Kazjegeldin and several other government officials of the mayor of Alma-Ata were accused of illegally transferring government money to foreign bank accounts.
Despite the acquittal, on October 10, President Nazarbayev dismissed Prime Minister Kazhegeldin and his government. Nurlan Balgymbajev, head of the state oil company, was appointed new head of government. The official reason for Kazjegeldin’s departure was stated to be poor health. Several of the key figures from the Ministry of Kazakhstan received important posts in the new government as well.
In mid-October, it was announced from the presidential residence that the official move from Alma-Ata to the new capital Akmola had been postponed until December 10. The reason was that a monitoring commission had discovered deficiencies in Akmola that needed to be addressed before moving in.
The gradual disappearance of the Aral Sea
The progressive drying up of the Aral Sea, once the largest body of salt water in the world and now reduced to a tenth of its original size, represents one of the main ecological disasters of the Eurasian space.
The main causes of the progressive drying up of the lake lie in the practice of intensive cultivation of cotton and rice, introduced by the USSRstarting from the 1960s through canalization works that diverted the tributary rivers of the Aral and through the flooding technique, which progressively exposed the aquifers to the torrid climate of the region. On the other hand, the extensive use of pesticides and fertilizers has almost totally destroyed the ecosystem of the Aral area, adding a significant problem of soil pollution to the marked climate changes associated with the disappearance of the lake. On the other hand, the high incidence of diseases in the area is amply evidenced by an infant mortality rate more than double the national one. The lack of water ultimately impoverished the whole region, whose economy was traditionally based on fishing and agriculture.
The Kazakh government introduced the first effective measures to put a stop to the ecological disaster only in the early years of the new century, with the construction of a dam aimed at raising the water level of the northern portion of the lake – currently divided into four lakes along the north-western ridge of the original basin.
On the other hand, attempts to tackle the issue at the regional level have been more difficult. The transnational scope of the problem has hindered coherent and timely intervention measures, made more difficult by the progressive politicization of the same. The countries hosting the tributary rivers of the Aral Sea – Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan – have traditionally shown a tendency to negotiate water concessions in exchange for energy agreements, made necessary by the extreme poverty of the two countries and the lack of hydrocarbons. Against this background, the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia, set up in 1992 by the Central Asian republics to address the ecological and socio-economic problems associated with the Aral disaster, was largely ineffective.
Measures against the second corona wave
Kazakhstan reintroduces a series of nationwide restrictions to protect society from a second wave of corona pandemics. Examples of public places that will be closed again are shopping malls, gyms, swimming pools and hairdressing salons. However, domestic travel is allowed and flights to and from Kazakhstan, which has just over 47,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus and 188 deaths with covid-19.