Jamaica Military

Jamaica 1997

Jamaica is a country located in North America. According to AbbreviationFinder, JM is the two-letter ISO code of Jamaica, and JAM is the three-letter country abbreviation for Jamaica.

Yearbook 1997

Jamaica. According to Countryaah, the national day of Jamaica is August 6. Political violence preceded the parliamentary elections in December. a car column was shot with representatives of the ruling Peopleʹs National Party (PNP). At the election, the PNP got 33 out of the parliament’s 60 seats. The largest opposition party, JLP (Jamaica Labor Party), received ten seats.

Jamaica Military

During the year, the former leader of the PNP, Michael Manley, who was prime minister in 1972–80 and 1989–92, died.

96% of workers in the free zone were women who were exposed to extended working days, in miserable working environment conditions, without security and with low wages. This had serious consequences for the children in the capital, Kingston, where 52% of families were headed by women.

In 1985-87, the workers’ government entered into a series of agreements with the United States on the implementation of a program to combat drug trafficking. It was estimated that $ 750 million of marijuana was smuggled annually from Jamaica to the United States.

In 1989, Michael Manley and the PNP were able to take over the government again, after being strengthened by the municipal elections in June 1986. The program he now presented was very different from his program in 1976. It was now based on the promotion of private business and good relations with USA. He restored relations with Cuba, declaring that he would respect the agreements with the IMF, even if he would not accept conditions that would lead to a worsening of social inequalities. His goal was to maintain economic growth, but with a better distribution of the country’s wealth.

After long-term illness, in April 1992, Manley handed over the Prime Minister’s post and PNP chairman to Percival J. Patterson. Patterson was a well-known politician, former senator and former minister in several PNP governments.

At the same time that the government provided guarantees to the trade union movement, in 1992 it initiated the privatization of some 300 state-owned enterprises, which were characterized as unproductive. The whole sugar industry was also part of this privatization program.

At the March 1993 election, the PNP got 60% of the vote, and Patterson could thus continue on the prime minister’s post. The Labor Party – led by the increasingly criticized Edward Seaga – declined to take part in the midterm elections in 1994 and fiercely criticized the electoral system.

JAMAICA. – Island of the Greater Antilles, located at about 18 ° lat. N. and 77 ° long. O., 11,525 sq km wide, constituting a colony of the British Crown, the largest of the West Indies. The island has an irregular shape, wholesale oval (maximum length 231 km., Maximum width 89 km.). Its northern coast is 145 km away. from Cuba, the eastern one about 190 km. from Haiti. From the capital, Kingston, across the Caribbean Sea, to the mouth of the Panama Canal, there are 938 km. and, as the shortest line (3178 km.) between New York and the canal passes in the direction of SSO. between Haiti and Jamaica, the island has acquired great strategic importance.

Jamaica was discovered on May 3, 1494 by Columbus, who gave it the name of Santiago, in honor of the patron saint of Spain. The modern name is probably a corruption of the Arawak name Xaymaca, alluding to its many sources. The first permanent settlements of Europeans arose in 1509 on the northern coast and precisely in the current St. Ann’s Bay by Diego, son of Columbus and governor of Haiti.

In 1514 the church of Jamaica, made an abbey, was granted by the king as property to the admiral and bound as a marquisate for the eldest sons of the Duke of Veragua. In 1597 the incursions of the English began on the island, who conquered it on 11 May 1655. This conquest was recognized by Spain in the peace of Madrid in 1670. Since the governor Lord Windsor had allowed the freebooters to settle on the island (v.), The court of Madrid claimed against their piracy, and then the English government deposed from the charge the governor. A similar event was also repeated in 1673, when the governor Tommaso Linch sent the pirate Morgan against Maracaibo, Panama, Portobello and Chagres, and was also deprived of office due to the Spanish protests. Gl ‘ The English had to live in constant fights with the black fugitives from the interior of the island until the year 1807; the sad situation of these lasted until 1 August 1838, when the decree declaring all slaves free was issued, and an indemnity of 20 pounds each was given to their masters. This humanitarian measure produced the impoverishment of the island, since the Negroes, freed from slavery, largely abandoned the work of the plantations and interned on the island; the struggle between them and their ancient masters was not long in coming. In October 1865 the Negroes of Port Moran, a city located in the eastern part of the island, rose up; then the governor Eyre proclaimed a state of siege and, having defeated them, he shot more than 300 without trial and also had women and children whipped and imprisoned. The British government was forced to dismiss him and put Sir Enrico Storke in his place with the task of tempering those measures. In the following year a new constitution was proclaimed on the island, which significantly improved the situation of its residents.

Authority is in the hands of a governor, assisted by a secret council and a legislative council. Administratively Jamaica is divided into three counties: Surrey in the east, Middlesex in the center and Cornwall in the west. The counties are divided into fourteen districts, whose names are often reminiscent of those of the British Isles. Local elective councils direct the affairs of each district.