Ivory Coast Military

Ivory Coast 1997

Cote dIvoire is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, CI is the two-letter ISO code of Cote dIvoire, and CIV is the three-letter country abbreviation for Cote dIvoire.

The Ivory Coast, which is a major producer of coffee, cocoa, rubber and diamonds, attracted multinational investors as, as a result of Boigny’s authoritarian rule, it was able to guarantee political stability and also offer exceptionally cheap labor, which, to a large extent, came from neighboring countries.

According to Countryaah, the national day of Ivory Coast is August 7. Growth in the economy of 8-10% annually in the period from 1966-1976 disappeared at the end of 1979 with the crisis in the West. Agricultural exports fell from $ 4 billion to just under $ 1 billion from 1980-1983. Half of the companies set up from 1966-1976 were closed, while unemployment rates rose to 45% and foreign debt fivefold in the period 1981-85.

Ivory Coast Military

Following “proposals” from the IMF, President Boigny drastically cut public spending, suspended almost all government projects and removed food subsidies. It did not immediately lead to social unrest – the unions were too weak and there were obvious political alternatives. The students and the liberals thus became the only rebellious elements that organized strikes and demonstrations.

In May 1984, foreign debt was successfully renegotiated with the Paris Club and the country’s other creditors, but the economic crisis continued thanks to the decline in world market prices for coffee and cocoa.

At the Ivory Coast Democratic Party, PCDI’s 8th Congress in October 1985, the now 80-year-old Houphouet Boigny was nominated as a candidate to renew his term for the sixth time. His candidacy was supported in the same month by 99% of voters. At the November general election, 75% of voters failed to vote.

In an attempt to distance itself from the harsh realities, the Board erected a number of monumental buildings; including Africa’s largest cathedral – in a country where only 12% of the population professes Christianity!

The Ivory Coast, which is the world’s largest cocoa producer, had to see its main exports decline sharply: from July 1987 to October of that year, the world market price of cocoa fell by around 50%.

In 1991, the government still failed to implement a three-year plan aimed at restoring the country’s economy, privatizing state-owned enterprises and improving the competitiveness of private enterprises.

The death of the president in December 1993 gave rise to disagreements over who should be his successor. President-elect Henri Konan-Bédié was appointed new president, and he succeeded in consolidating his position in the Democratic Party government, despite opposition from former Prime Minister Ouattara.

In 1994, there were confrontations between the government and the unions, which demanded compensation for a 100% devaluation in January. In what was interpreted as a compensation for having accepted the devaluation – proposed by France and the IMF – half of the Ivory Coast’s debt to the countries of the Paris Club was abandoned. Nevertheless, the country still has the largest external debt per share. inhabitant.

Physical characteristics

The territory of Ivory Coast is a strip of the Sudanese plateau slightly inclined from N to S towards the sea, formed by a base of Precambrian granite and metamorphic rocks with overlapping of Tertiary and Quaternary soils along some stretches of the coast. Flat or slightly undulating, only on the western edge it rises to 1752 m in the volcanic massif of the Nimba Mountains. The coast is rocky to the West, low and sandy to the East, where it is bordered by a long succession of lagoons. Among the numerous rivers, oriented in the NS direction and almost parallel, the largest are the Sassandra, the Bandama and the Comoé, all of little use for navigation because they are interrupted by rapids. The climate is typically equatorial in the coastal strip, where the temperature remains almost constantly at 27-28 ° C and rainfall is higher than 2000 mm and evenly distributed throughout the year, albeit with two maximums (May-July and September -October); proceeding towards N, the seasonal temperature range becomes more sensitive and the rains decrease (up to less than 1000 mm) and are concentrated only in the summer. The spontaneous vegetation, considerably reduced by human intervention, adapts to different thermal and pluviometric conditions, and passes from the dense coastal rainforest to the sparser forest in the middle area and the northern savannah.