Guinea Bissau Military

Guinea-Bissau 1997

Guinea-Bissau is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, GW is the two-letter ISO code of Guinea-Bissau, and GNB is the three-letter country abbreviation for Guinea-Bissau.

Yearbook 1997

Guinea Bissau. According to Countryaah, the national day of Guinea-Bissau is September 24. President João Bernardo Vieira reformed his government in June. Carlos Correia was appointed new Prime Minister. He succeeded Manuel Saturnino da Costa, who was laid off at the end of May to resolve the political crisis that arose and, according to the president, threatened the order in the country: troops had been ordered out in the capital in May to defeat riots instigated by state employees in protest against poor working conditions and against having not received their wages. Several changes in the government were made during the month of June.

Guinea Bissau Military

In October, the president ousted Prime Minister Carlos Correia. The provision was made after the Supreme Court announced that the appointment of the new Prime Minister in June did not comply with the Constitution.

However, the president reinstated him the next day after, among other things, have consulted with the opposition party leader.

Guinea Bissau

A state in West Africa. In the sphere of influence of the empire of Mali from the 13th century, through the local tributary kingdom of Kaabu, it saw from the 15th century. emerge Fulani political entities partially Islamized. Interested by the Portuguese traffic from the middle of the century. 15 °, it fell within the range of interests of the merchants of Cape Verde, as an area of ​​supply of slaves for the plantations of the archipelago. Kaabu was taken by the Fulani in 1867. The Portuguese colonial presence remained nominal for a long time, only to really take place in the 20th century, again through the activity especially of Cape Verdean administrative and technical personnel. From this community also emerged the leadership of the anti-colonial movement, coagulated around the African Partido da independência da Guiné e do Cabo Verde (PAIGC), of revolutionary inspiration, founded in 1956 by the Cape Verdean A. Cabral. The harsh colonial repression of urban union demonstrations (1959) led to the transition to armed struggle (1963) in a rural context. This was accompanied by the attempt to create, in the liberated areas, participatory revolutionary organisms and an alternative productive structure to the colonial export crops (peanuts, coconut, cotton), favoring instead the satisfaction of the basic needs of the peasants. Cabral was assassinated in 1973. The same year the anti-colonial movement unilaterally proclaimed the independence of the GB, recognized by Portugal in 1974. Luis Cabral (brother of Amilcar) assumed the presidency of the new state of socialist inspiration and followed a policy of union with the Chief Green until 1980, when he was deposed by JB Vieira in a coup d’état which was also a consequence of the growing conflict between natives and Cape Verdeans. Pressed by a very serious system crisis and by the need to resort to international aid, Vieira quickly abandoned the planned economy and introduced liberalization measures. In 1990, a process of democratization and opening up to multi-partyism began. Vieira won the 1994 elections, but in 1998 an attempt to coup sparked a civil war. Having reached a peace agreement mediated by ECOWAS in 1999, Vieira was, however, overthrown by a new coup d’état. The 2000 elections saw the victory of Kumba Lalà, also ousted from a coup in 2003. Vieira returned to power by winning the 2005 elections as a candidate for the PAIGC, but was assassinated by a group of military in March 2009; the elections in June saw MB Sanhá win.