Geography of Hughes County, Oklahoma

Geography of Hughes County, Oklahoma

Hughes County, located in the southeastern part of Oklahoma, is characterized by its diverse geography, which includes rolling hills, verdant forests, meandering rivers, and tranquil lakes. Its landscape, shaped by geological processes and the flow of water, plays a significant role in shaping the county’s environment, economy, and cultural heritage.

Topography and Landforms:

According to Computerannals, Hughes County covers an area of approximately 815 square miles and is situated within the Cross Timbers region of Oklahoma. The county’s topography is varied, with rolling hills and valleys dominating the landscape.

The northern portion of Hughes County is characterized by gently rolling terrain, while the southern portion features more rugged hills and ridges. Elevations in the county range from around 500 to 1,000 feet above sea level, with the highest points found in the southeastern part of the county.

The landscape of Hughes County is predominantly composed of sedimentary rock formations, including sandstone, limestone, and shale, which have been shaped over millions of years by erosion and weathering processes.

Rivers and Waterways:

Hughes County is intersected by several rivers and waterways, which play a vital role in shaping the county’s landscape and providing essential resources for agriculture, industry, and recreation. The most significant river in the county is the Canadian River, which flows from west to east through the heart of Hughes County.

The Canadian River, one of the longest rivers in the United States, originates in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and flows across the Great Plains before joining the Arkansas River in eastern Oklahoma. Along its course through Hughes County, the Canadian River is flanked by fertile bottomlands and wooded bluffs, providing habitat for a variety of wildlife species.

In addition to the Canadian River, Hughes County is home to several smaller creeks and streams, such as Buck Creek, Coal Creek, and Boggy Creek, which drain into larger water bodies and contribute to the county’s overall hydrological network.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

While Hughes County is not known for its large lakes, it is home to several picturesque reservoirs and water bodies, which provide recreational opportunities and support diverse ecosystems. One of the most prominent reservoirs in the county is Eufaula Lake, located near the city of Eufaula.

Eufaula Lake, covering approximately 102,000 acres, offers a variety of recreational activities, including boating, fishing, swimming, and camping. The lake is surrounded by scenic woodlands and provides habitat for a variety of fish species, including bass, crappie, catfish, and walleye.

In addition to Eufaula Lake, Hughes County is home to smaller lakes and ponds, such as Hughes Lake and McGee Creek Reservoir, which provide serene settings for picnicking, birdwatching, and nature observation.


Hughes County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. Summers in the county are typically long and warm, with average temperatures ranging from the upper 70s to mid-90s Fahrenheit. Humidity levels can be high during the summer months, contributing to the sultry, tropical feel of the region.

Winters in Hughes County are relatively mild, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-30s to low 50s Fahrenheit. While snowfall is rare, occasional winter storms can bring light accumulations of snow and ice to the area.

Spring and fall in Hughes County are characterized by mild temperatures and colorful foliage, making them ideal seasons for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing. However, both spring and fall can also bring bouts of severe weather, including thunderstorms, tornadoes, and heavy rainfall.

Vegetation and Wildlife:

The diverse geography and favorable climate of Hughes County support a rich array of vegetation and wildlife. The county’s natural habitats include woodlands, grasslands, wetlands, and riparian zones, each providing essential habitat for a wide variety of plant and animal species.

Forests in Hughes County are dominated by species such as oak, hickory, maple, and pine, which provide food and shelter for wildlife ranging from white-tailed deer and wild turkeys to songbirds and small mammals. Wetlands and marshes are home to waterfowl, amphibians, and reptiles, while grasslands support populations of grassland birds and pollinators.

The waterways of Hughes County, including the Canadian River and its tributaries, support a variety of fish species, including bass, catfish, crappie, and sunfish. Additionally, the river corridors provide important habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife species, making them popular destinations for birdwatching and nature photography.


The geography of Hughes County, Oklahoma, is characterized by its diverse topography, meandering rivers, tranquil lakes, and abundant natural resources. From the rolling hills and fertile bottomlands to the scenic waterways and woodlands, the county’s landscape offers a wealth of natural beauty and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Whether exploring the banks of the Canadian River, fishing in Eufaula Lake, or hiking through the wooded bluffs, Hughes County invites visitors to experience the wonders of the natural world in all their glory.