Gambia Military

Gambia 1997

Gambia is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, GM is the two-letter ISO code of Gambia, and GMB is the three-letter country abbreviation for Gambia.

Yearbook 1997

The Gambia. According to Countryaah, the national day of Gambia is February 18. The parliamentary elections postponed in December 1996 were held on January 2, 1997. It marked a return to democratic rule as it was the first multi-party since the 1994 military coup. President Yahya Jammeh’s APRC (Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction) party won a major victory the 45 seats in Parliament.

Gambia Military

In early March, President Jammeh appointed a 13-member government. As another step in the democratic process, in April he replaced four regional military leaders with civilians.

In December 2014, a group of Gambian soldiers and officers under the command of the Lieutenant Colonel tried Lamin Sanneh and funded by a millionaire from the United States to conduct military coup. Lieutenant Colonel Sanneh was the head of the Presidential Guard until 2013, but was then ousted by President Jammeh. Sanneh fled to the United States, contacted other exile Gambians and sought support from a Gambian millionaire who agreed to finance the coup. The group entered the Gambia from Senegal and on December 30 attacked the presidential palace while Jammeh was out of the country. The coup attempt was quickly defeated and most killed. The coup attempt resulted in an escalation of repression in the country. In January, dozens of people linked to others accused of connection to the coup attempt were arrested and subjected to torture. Only 6 months later they were released without being charged. In February 2015, Jammeh rejected international calls from the African Human Rights Council to conduct an independent investigation into the coup attempt. In April, the country refused to comply with 78 out of 171 recommendations from the regular UN Human Rights Review. In June, he expelled EU Chargée d’Affaires with 72 hours notice and without justification.

In December 2015, Jammeh declared the country an Islamic republic as a further distancing from the country’s colonial past. The opposition stated that it was in violation of the constitution, but the country’s media then began to refer to the country as an Islamic republic.

In April 2016, security forces taunted prominent opposition leader Solo Sandeng to death while in custody. During the subsequent peaceful demonstrations against the killing, over 90 UDP members were arrested and 30 subsequently sentenced to 3 years in prison. Including the UDP leadership.

In November, the country announced the UN Secretary-General that Gambia withdrew from the ICC with effect from November 2017.

History. – The political situation in Gambia, hitherto easily dominated by the figure of D. Jawara and his party (People’s Progressive Party), underwent a sharp turn on October 30, 1980, following an attempted coup d’etat presumably to account of Libya. On the basis of a mutual defense agreement, signed by the two countries in 1967, President Jawara invoked the help of Senegal, which with the prompt dispatch of military units provided to restore order to Banjul. A second subversive gasp, blamed on the leader leftist Kukli Samba Sanyang, registered on July 29, 1981; again the intervention of the Senegalese army was decisive which, after violent clashes, overcame the rioters. The dramatic event was followed on December 17, 1981 by a federal agreement between Senegal and Gambia (Confederation of Senegambia), which provided for the integration of the armed forces between the two states and their close coordination on a diplomatic, monetary and infrastructural level. Since then, however, there has been no significant progress on the way to that greater integration with Senegal that even the Gambian leaders continued to present as a priority. On the contrary, in Banjul there were various symptoms of a growing distrust towards the more powerful neighbor and his supposed annexation plans, symptoms then resulted in a real crisis in September 1989 with the definitive dissolution of the Confederation. In January 1991 the foreign ministers of Gambia and Senegal signed a bilateral agreement on friendship and cooperation. In this fluid political framework, more than a few elements of social instability were highlighted due to the progressive deterioration of a long-standing economic crisis which in 1986 caused the devaluation of 100% of the national currency (the dalasi).

The presidential and legislative elections held on April 29, 1992 made the success of D. Jawara, who obtained 60% of the votes, and of his party, which won the absolute majority of the seats.