Gabon Military

Gabon 1997

Gabon is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, GA is the two-letter ISO code of Gabon, and GAB is the three-letter country abbreviation for Gabon.

Yearbook 1997

Gabon. After the elections in December 1996, the new government was installed in February 1997. The incumbent Prime Minister Obame-Nguema formed a new government without any major changes. Most of the members were taken from the winning party Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG). However, a small number came from the opposition.

According to Countryaah, the national day of Gabon is August 16. President Omar Bongo announced unexpectedly in June that a vice president from the opposition would be appointed. Divunggui-Di-Ndinge Didjob, one of the country’s leading opposition politicians, was appointed.

Gabon Military

According to the president, the measure was part of the quest to create national unity. However, according to the constitution, the vice president will not be able to take the place of the president in the event of his absence.

Economy

Inflation rate 2.70%
Unemployment rate 28%
Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 36,660,000,000
GDP growth rate 0.50%
GDP per capita $ 18,100
GDP by sector
Agriculture 5.00%
Industry 44.70%
Service 50.40%
State budget
Revenue 3.027 billion
Expenditure 2.146 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 32.7
Lower 10% 2.5
Industrial production growth rate -1.50%
Investment volume 27% of GDP
National debt 62.70% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves $ 834,900,000
Tourism 2008
Visitors 358,000
Revenue $ 13,000,000

History. – On the basis of the constitution of November 14, 1960, in February 1961 the elections for the National Assembly and for the presidency of the republic were held: to this position, L. M ‘was elected with 99.6% of the votes. Ba, protagonist of Gabonese political life since 1946; M’Ba, leader of the “Bloc Démocratique Gabonais” (BDG), set up a government of national union, of which JH Aubame, who headed the “Union Democratique et Sociale Gabonaise” (UDSG), belonged, more radical trend. The friction between the two leaders and between the two parties (united for the 1961 elections in a National Front) caused Aubame to be excluded from the government in 1963. M’Ba’s attempt to secure a solid parliamentary majority by dissolving the National Assembly and calling new elections led opponents to a coup (February 18, 1964), which was however thwarted by the intervention of French troops, promoted by the M’Ba himself; Aubame, who had headed the revolutionary committee, was sentenced to ten years in prison. In the new elections in April, the BDG won 31 seats; the other 16 went to the opposition, but soon passed to the majority party. To the riots and strikes that continued to shake the country, the government reacted with repression and condemnation. Due to poor health, President M ‘ Ba moved to Paris in August 1966; from that moment the power gradually passed into the hands of AB Bongo, vice-president of the Council since November 1966 and vice-president of the republic since March 1967 (the office was established in February with a constitutional amendment). Also with the elections of March 1967, with no opposition, the BDG obtained all the seats in the National Assembly, while M’Ba was confirmed as president. Upon his death (November 28, 1967), Bongo assumed the presidency and embarked on a policy of national conciliation, with the inclusion in the government of young elements, including the opposition, and with measures of leniency for political prisoners. The relative openness to the opposition did not prevent the BDG from being institutionalized as a single party in March 1968, with the name of “Parti Démocratique Gabonais” (PDG), run by Bongo himself, general secretary. The young president (born in 1935), animating the presence of the PDG in the political and social life of the country, managed to strengthen national cohesion and ensure substantial political stability to Gabon, whose economic resources guarantee a much higher national income. to the average in Africa; in the elections of February 1973 Bongo was confirmed president, while the PDG won all the seats (from 47 to 70) in the National Assembly. In April 1975 the office of vice-president was abolished and a prime minister was appointed (L. Mebiame). The campaign of “gabonization” of the economy, undertaken in 1972, was intensified in 1976, together with the denunciation of the ”

In the early years Gabon’s foreign policy was closely linked to France, also due to its intense economic relations, and very little open to other contacts and relationships, if not with neighboring countries (since 1959 it was part, in fact, of the Union Equatorial Customs and since 1966 of the Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa); following the French policy, Gabon supported the secession of Biafra. Later President Bongo, while he tried to take greater advantage of the country’s resources, increasing state participation in the large mining and in particular oil companies operating in the Gabon relations with Nigeria (interrupted by the recognition of Biafra) and broke those with Israel, getting closer to Arab countries and in particular to Libya (an economic cooperation agreement was signed in 1973, but denounced in 1974); the agreements with France were renewed in 1974 on more advantageous terms for Gabon (in particular for sales of uranium); in the same year diplomatic relations were established with Yugoslavia and Romania. In 1976 Gabon withdrew from OCAM, which he joined in 1965.