Equatorial Guinea Military

Equatorial Guinea 1997

Equatorial Guinea is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, GQ is the two-letter ISO code of Equatorial Guinea, and GNQ is the three-letter country abbreviation for Equatorial Guinea.

Yearbook 1997

Equatorial Guinea. According to Countryaah, the national day of Equatorial Guinea is October 12. The human rights organization Amnesty International reported in July that the Equatorial Guinea government has arrested and tortured oppositionists. Among them was the leader of the Socialist Party. In August, Sevoro Moto, the leader of the country’s largest opposition party (Progress Party), was accused of trying to overthrow the country’s leader Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. Moto, who was in exile in Spain, was sentenced in his absence to a long term prison sentence.

Equatorial Guinea Military

EQUATORIAL GUINEA (before 1968: Spanish guinea). – History. – The Spanish territories of black Africa formally ceased to be a colony on July 30, 1959, becoming Región Ecuatorial de España. The division into two provinces (the first comprising the Fernando Poo and Annobón Islands; the second the two Elobey Islands, the island of Corisco, and the Río Muni on the mainland) aligned the administration and legal status of the country to those of the metropolitan territory, with equal citizenship rights; in 1960 they were elected to the Cortes six representatives from Madrid, three of whom are black. Under the pressure of independence groups and UN petitions, the Spanish government granted, in November 1963, a certain autonomy through the establishment of a General Assembly, a Governing Council and a civil governor for each of the two provinces., assisted by a metropolitan commissioner. This arrangement entered into force on 1 January 1964 after a referendum on the autonomy law and the election of new bodies. The pressure of the local political forces and the annexationist claims of the neighboring states (Nigeria, Cameroon and Gabón) accelerated the process towards independence: despite serious differences (separatism of the population of Fernando Poo) the constitution prepared by the Spanish government was approved by referendum (63% in favor) the August 11, 1968; in September the elections gave the victory to M. Francisco Macías Nguema, head of a tripartite coalition, and on 12 October 1968 the country became independent taking the name of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Relations with Spain deteriorated soon after the granting of independence, and nearly all of the 7,000 European residents, settlers and officials left the country, especially after a failed coup in March 1969.

Climate

The islands have a tropical rainforest climate. The rainy season is in October. On the mainland it is drier, often overcast and windy.