According to COMPUTERMINUS, the city of Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates and the seat of the Federal Government. The ruler of Abu Dhabi and the President of the United Arab Emirates is Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan. Abu Dhabi is one of the greenest cities on the Persian Gulf coast. Despite the rise of technology, Abu Dhabi still retains its oriental charm and appeal. The emirate of Abu Dhabi is the largest of the seven emirates, its main city – Abu Dhabi – the capital of the United Arab Emirates. The emirate is divided into three main regions. Abu Dhabi Region, includes the city of Abu Dhabi. This is the main residence of the president of the emirate, here is the office and most ministries, federal institutions, foreign embassies, television, Port Zayed, Abu Dhabi airport and most oil companies. The eastern region, with Al Ain as its capital, is very fertile and rich in greenery, with many farms and parks. The region is also known for groundwater, with a large number of artesian wells. The most notable in this part are Ain Fayyad Park, Mount Hafeet, Al-Khaili Amusement Park, Al-Ain Zoo and Museum. There is also a famous cultural attraction here:
In the southwest of Abu Dhabi, among the high rolling dunes, there is a place called Rub Al Khali, one of the harshest on earth. The city of Al Ain is located 150 km from the capital within the emirate. Local attractions include the Al Ain Museum of History and the Eastern Fort. In the center of the city is the Square Fort. A large number of visitors are attracted by the Healy amusement park and the nearby ice skating rink for playing hockey and skating. Al Ain has a large zoo. A few minutes drive from the city rises Mount Hafeet, the highest point in the UAE, visible from afar, offering excellent views of the surroundings. You can climb the mountain along a modern serpentine.
A large-scale campaign to “green the desert” by using the latest achievements, has turned the barren lands into a true oasis of greenery and flowers. Millions of trees and shrubs have been brought in and planted throughout the emirate. In the city center there are parks with magnificently decorated fountains and sculptures that tell about the history and culture of the country. No wonder Abu Dhabi is called the “Garden City of the Persian Gulf”.
As recently as thirty years ago, public services such as electricity and running water were unavailable. Now the city has changed beyond recognition. The successful exploitation of oil and gas fields has made it possible to invest heavily in its infrastructure: roads, schools, hospitals and other areas of social life.Abu Dhabi has become one of the most sophisticated and luxurious cities in the world. Here you can find an amazing bouquet of diverse cultures – another influence of the oil industry, which brought here a huge flow of people from all over the globe. Europeans, Americans, Indians, Filipinos and many other people from Asia and the New World live here, who are attracted by a high standard of living. Now Abu Dhabi is a center of tourism and trade, sports and recreation. We wish you a good time in one of the most irresistible capitals of the world, combining ultra-modernism and ancient traditions. Unlike the other six emirates, most of the territory of Abu Dhabi covered with sands, which move imperceptibly year after year, burying fertile lands under them. For countless years, when there was no question of any prosperity, the local Bedouin tribes lived and survived in the harsh conditions dictated by the desert.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi, with a total area of 80,000 square kilometers, stretches along the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. In the west and southwest, the emirate borders on Qatar and Saudi Arabia, in the south and east – on the Sultanate of Oman, in the northeast – on the emirates of Dubai and Sharjah. The main part of the emirate’s territory is arid rocky plains and desert, large tracts of land along the coast are salt marshes (sabhka). Abu Dhabi has several islands, some of which are large, like Abu Al Abayad, the rest are small coral groups. In the east, where the oasis city of Al Ain is located, the border of the emirate runs along the Hajar mountain range.
Yes, most of Abu Dhabi- this is a desert, but one cannot ignore the beautiful oases – the city of Al Ain, which has already been mentioned, in the east and a group of small oases in the south, known as Liwa – the last guaranteed source of water on the border with the mountain-like dunes of Rab Al Khali. Traditionally, Al Ain and Liwa were considered two of the three main pillars on which the emirate rests, while the third is the island of Abu Dhabi, the capital of the emirate and the state of the United Arab Emirates.
According to the latest census in 2000, the population of the emirate is 1.108 million people, of which almost half live in the capital – the city of Abu Dhabi. Local residents (Arabs) make up
only 20 percent of the population, the largest foreign communities in the state: Indians, Pakistanis, citizens of other Arab countries, the British. The locals belong mainly to the Baniyaz tribe.
The UAE is a country with a subtropical climate. The season for a comfortable stay is from the beginning of October to the end of May. The heat during the summer months in the UAE is very poorly tolerated by most people due to the very high humidity.
Rain in the UAE is extremely rare, but it does occasionally occur during the winter months (February-March). In total, the UAE averages 13 mm of precipitation per year, which corresponds to 3-4 rainy days in Europe. It rains about once every 15 years.