Djibouti Military

Djibouti 1997

Djibouti is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, DJ is the two-letter ISO code of Djibouti, and DJI is the three-letter country abbreviation for Djibouti.

Yearbook 1997

Djibouti. According to Countryaah, the national day of Djibouti is June 27. The Government Alliance received all 65 seats in Parliament at the December 19 elections. The alliance consists of President Hassan Gouled Aptidon’s party RPP and an outbreak group from the rebel movement FRUD.

Djibouti Military

The two opposition parties that were allowed to stand in the election acknowledged defeated but nonetheless criticized the election result, which according to them had been distorted due to the rule that allowed voters to vote without a voting card.

The Ministry of the Interior announced that voter turnout was 64% in the country as a whole, but only 48% in the capital and 33% in the southern parts of the country. However, this was an increase from the 1992 election, when just under 49% of the eligible voters went to the polls. One reason for the higher turnout was, according to some analysts, the fact that soldiers were commanded to fight possible attacks by militant FRUD rebels.

History. – The Republic of Djibouti experienced moments of acute political tension in the first years of its life. At the origin of the malaise was the age-old rivalry between the Issa (Somali) ethnic group, who recognized themselves as the head of state Hassan Gouled Aptidon, and that of the Afar, who found their most combative representative in Prime Minister Ahmed Dini. The latter supported the need for a Lebanese-type institutional structure under which state offices should be assigned according to a criterion of ethnic proportionality. On the other hand, the program advanced by Hassan Gouled and his Ligue populaire pour indépendence was markedly unitary .

The clash broke out on August 15, 1977, when an attack left dead and wounded in the capital. Hassan Gouled drew inspiration from it to unleash a harsh repression against Ahmed Dini’s supporters, but at the same time managed to secure a good following among the Afar by entrusting the leadership of the executive to another important Afar leader, Barkat Gurad Hamadou. Since then, the Djiboutian state, centered on the institutional axis constituted by the binomial Hassan Gouled, president of the Republic, and Barkat Gurad Hamadou, prime minister, has rapidly traveled the road towards single-partyism. Thus in 1981 the Rassemblement populaire pour le progrès, formed as a presidential party on March 4, 1979, became the only legally recognized political organization. This has taken away any space for the expression of dissent from the oppositions which in vain, under the leadership of Ahmed Dini, had tried to unite in a single formation, the Parti populaire Djiboutien. Although solid, the regime of Hassan Gouled (confirmed as President of the Republic in the elections of 24 April 1987) has suffered the repercussions of a serious economic crisis that has resulted in a high rate of unemployment and the launch of unpopular austerity measures. A climate of strong social tension followed. This was followed by a climate of strong social tension in which an attempted coup d’etat matured in January 1991, while anti-government guerrilla operations conducted by the main Afar opposition groups unified in FRUD (Front pour la Restauration de l’Unité et de la Démocratie) affected the north of the country starting from November 1991. Political instability forced the President of the Republic to announce democratization measures and to appoint (January 1992) a committee for the drafting of a new constitution.

On the international level, Djibouti managed to consolidate his independence in a regional framework that is anything but easy, marked above all by the very serious Somali-Ethiopian confrontation. Firmly anchored to France (which maintains a few thousand soldiers there), Djibouti, after an initial phase of philosomal orientation, in the aftermath of the defeat suffered by Mogadishu in the Ogaden dispute, decidedly turned to a policy of equidistance. Having found a second point of support in the Arab League (of which Djibouti has been a member since 5 September 1977), Djibouti thus assumed a constructive role as a dynamic pole for the peaceful composition of the Somali-Ethiopian tension itself.