Democratic Republic of the Congo 1997

Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, CD is the two-letter ISO code of Democratic Republic of the Congo, and COD is the three-letter country abbreviation for Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Yearbook 1997

Congo. The Tutsid-dominated army, led by the old guerrilla warrior Laurent-Désiré Kabila, which in September 1996 initiated an uprising in eastern Zaire, marched west without a major problem in the winter. In March, the rebels occupied Kisangani, the largest city in the eastern part of the country. At the same time as the rebel army was advancing, reports showed that up to 500,000 Rwandan hut refugees, including large parts of the old Rwandan army, were fleeing the jungle and suffered severe distress.

At the beginning of April, the rebels had captured the mineral-rich provinces of Shaba and Western and Eastern Kasai, thus controlling the country’s economy. Both France and the United States now called on President Mobutu Sese Seko to step down.

According to Countryaah, the national day of Democratic Republic of the Congo is June 30. South African President Nelson Mandela succeeded in getting May Mobutu and Kabila to negotiate on a South African warship off the coast of Angola in early May. Mobutu offered to step down, but sought to establish a transitional government led by Zaire’s Catholic Archbishop, which Kabila refused to accept. The rebels now moved ever closer to the capital Kinshasa, and on May 16 Mobutu resigned and left the country. The next day, the rebels marched into Kinshasa, and Kabila proclaimed president. The country now regained its old name of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The hopes that Kabila would appoint a broad unity government with the old Mobuti-hostile opposition came to shame and soon a dissatisfaction with the new regime spread. Anti-government demonstrations were hard-fought. UN agencies and foreign aid organizations claimed that Kabila’s soldiers employed massacres on Rwandan refugees in the east, but only in late autumn did Kabila agree that a UN commission should investigate the charges.

In September, the cancer-sick Mobutu died in Morocco. By then, the Swiss authorities had already blocked his bank accounts and seized his real estate at the request of the new regime. Presumed accounts in five other European countries had also been requested to be blocked. Mobutu was considered one of the most corrupt dictators in the world and he is believed to have made a multimillion fortune by plundering his own country.

December

Head of anti-corruption authority arrested

December 18

The head of the country’s new anti-corruption authority, APLC, has been arrested since his organization was accused of corruption. The charges relate to $ 30,000 allegedly stolen from a Congolese branch of the Nigerian Access Bank. APLC was founded in March 2020 following a decree from the President. Representatives of the APLC say that the 30,000 have been taken as bail since the bank was accused of being involved in money laundering and of financing terrorism.

The National Assembly removes the Speaker

December 11th

The National Assembly, the lower house of parliament, is voting to oust President Jeanine Mabunda, a close ally of former President Joseph Kabila, after allegations that she acted biased and that there was a lack of transparency about how her unit spent its money. 281 members vote to dismiss her, 200 against. Mabunda denies that there is anything in the accusations, but apologizes for any “possible misunderstandings”. This now paves the way for President Tshisekedi to try to form a new government.

Partial victory for Tshisekedi in a power struggle against Kabila

December 8

President Félix Tshisekedi wins a partial victory in the power struggle against former President Joseph Kabila and his alliance FCC, as more than half of the 500 members of the National Assembly pave the way for a vote on December 10 in which President Jeannine Mabunda can be removed. With a change in the chairmanship, it may be possible for the president to win a majority in the lower house of parliament and thus be able to form a new government, as some of the members of the National Assembly, from the FCC and several smaller parties, have now changed sides. Several senior Kabil supporters boycotted the session and the FCC said the president’s actions violated the law. In Parliament, there are chaotic scenes with tangible quarrels between the various sides, where members, among other things, throw chairs and plastic buckets at each other.

Tshisekedi threatens to dissolve parliament

December 6

President Félix Tshisekedi announces that he plans to form a new coalition government, and if he is not allowed to do so, he will dissolve parliament and call new elections. Tshisekedi says he has consulted political parties and equally prominent figures and that most agree that the coalition between President Cach’s alliance and the FCC, which is allied with former President Joseph Kabila, is not working. Representatives of the FCC have said they still dominate the National Assembly where the alliance has over 300 seats and accused the president of trying to bribe FCC members to change party. Prior to his move, Tshisekedi is said to have consulted with the police and the military to make sure he has their support. African Union(AU) has previously expressed concern about the situation in the country and calls on the parties to do everything they can to preserve peace and stability in the country. At least 100 MEPs, according to President 250, have signed a letter demanding the resignation of the President, who belongs to Kabila’s camp.

Death sentences for the murder of rap artists

December 4th

14 men are sentenced to death for the murders of the rap artists and twin brothers Max Nsenga Ntumba and Perce Muamba Ntumba from Kinshasa in July 2020. Nine people are acquitted for lack of evidence. The two rappers were severely beaten in the village of Kinzau Mvuete after allegations that they tried to steal a motorcycle and were subsequently burned to death. The death penalty was found in Congo-Kinshasa, but since 2003 the sentence has been commuted to life imprisonment.