Czech Republic is a country located in Europe. According to AbbreviationFinder, CZ is the two-letter ISO code of Czech Republic, and CZE is the three-letter country abbreviation for Czech Republic.
Czech Republic. According to Countryaah, the national day of Czech Republic is January 1. Domestic politics, the Czech Republic was characterized by economic difficulties and political turbulence. One cause of concern was President Václav Havel’s disease of lung cancer, for which he was operated on in December 1996. However, the president returned to his office in January. He announced in July that he planned to run for the next presidential election for another five-year term. His goal for the next period was to secure the country membership in NATO and the EU.
The Czech economy grew weaker in the spring. Foreign exchange and industrial output fell, and foreign investors became increasingly skeptical of the country’s economic policies. Prime Minister Václav Klaus, together with the coalition government, was forced to submit to a vote of confidence in Parliament in May, which it won by the lowest possible margin. The vote took place after the Prime Minister requested that Parliament support a financial shock package.
In October, the political crisis became acute again. The revelations that Prime Minister Klaus and his party ODS funded their election campaign illegally became increasingly troublesome. Among other things, Klaus and the party were accused of receiving money from a businessman who, in return, was allowed to buy shares in a state company when it was privatized. Klaus could not prove his innocence and was forced to resign at the end of November. The government announced its departure at the same time, although it would remain until a new one had been appointed, which did not happen during the year. The new Prime Minister, Josef Tošovský, was appointed as new Prime Minister, who was not affiliated with any party. He had a good reputation and, according to many analysts, could become the one who restored confidence in the Czech economy.
In foreign policy, the Czech Republic was more successful. In December it was clear that the country will be one of the countries negotiating EU membership in the first round of enlargement. The country was also offered membership in NATO together with Poland and Hungary.
At the beginning of the year, Václav Klaus and Germany’s Chancellor Helmut Kohl signed a declaration of reconciliation and friendship. Germany expressed sadness over Hitler Germany’s occupation of the neighboring country and the Czech Republic apologized for its deportation of Sudetis after the Second World War.
In August 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Babiš rejected the EU refugee quota system. He denied that refugees should have access to the Czech Republic, even the country was subject to EU sanctions. After the attack on a market in Berlin in December, he made Chancellor Merkel responsible: “Unfortunately… (Angela Merkel’s open refugee policy) is responsible for this horrific incident. It is she who has allowed refugees to flow into Germany and the EU in uncontrolled waves, without papers and therefore without knowing who they really are ».
Hatred rhetoric and actions against refugees and Roma continued through 2016, well supported by the president who declared that refugees were a danger to the country. Right-wing protesters demonstrated in Prague and painted shop windows where the owners had declared themselves opponents of their hate rhetoric. In August, a man shot up in the air outside a Roma summer camp in Jiřetín pod Jedlovou, shouting anti-Roma slogans. Police declined to investigate the incident. The UN called on the government to provide compensation to the Roma women who had been subjected to forced sterilization and to examine the scope and specific details at all. The government rejected.
In December 2016, confidence in the president reached 48%. A decrease of 14% according to the May survey. The cause was a series of scandals affecting the president.
In March 2017, President Zeman announced his intention to run for the next 2018 presidential election.
Also in March, the government was plunged into a political crisis when it was revealed that the leader of coalition party Ano 2011 and Finance Minister Andrej Babiš were behind a number of personal criminal financial transactions. The crisis was further aggravated in May when Babiš refused to resign as minister. It caused Prime Minister Sobotka to resign as prime minister, a few days later to regret, remain on the post and then by guys Babiš. But now President Zeman refused to accept the firing. This triggered protest demonstrations in Prague as Zeman had unconstitutional right to oppose the firing. The government was now severely weakened.
Prime Minister Sobotka resigned in June 2017 as chairman of his party the Social Democratic ČSSD after some disappointing polls leading up to the parliamentary elections. However, he remained on the post of prime minister. The October elections were quite a stifling defeat for ČSSD, which lost 35 of its 50 seats and had to settle for 15. The Communist Party KSČM also declined drastically. It lost 18 seats and had to settle for 15. In contrast, the right wing stepped forward. In 2011, 31 seats went up to 78 and thus became the largest party in Parliament. The Conservative ODS went up to 9 seats until 25. The Pirate Party came in as a new party with 22 seats and, in a stroke, became Parliament’s 3rd largest party. The right-wing SPD also entered as a new party with 22 seats.
The election result threw the Czech Republic into a parliamentary crisis. No other party was interested in forming government with the big winner Ano 2011 when its leader and multi-billionaire Babiš was under police investigation (both in the Czech Republic and the EU) for his criminal activities. In late October, therefore, President Zeman let Babiš form a minority government, which in itself was also a challenge since only the Communist Party would tolerate an Ano 2011 minority government.