Climate in Nicosia, Cyprus

Nicosia, the capital and largest city of Cyprus, is located in the central part of the island, serving as the political, cultural, and economic hub of the country. Known for its rich history, diverse culture, and unique blend of Greek and Turkish influences, Nicosia experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. To provide a comprehensive description of Nicosia’s climate, it’s essential to examine various aspects, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and seasonal variations.

Geographical Location:

According to andyeducation, Nicosia is situated inland, near the center of Cyprus, approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) from the northern coast of the island. Its geographical location within the eastern Mediterranean region contributes significantly to its climate.

Seasonal Overview:

Nicosia experiences four distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter. Each season brings unique weather patterns and temperature ranges.

Spring (March to May):

  • March: Spring begins in March, with average high temperatures ranging from 17°C to 21°C (63°F to 70°F). Flowers and trees start to bloom.
  • April: April sees a further increase in temperatures, with average highs between 21°C and 26°C (70°F to 79°F). Spring foliage emerges.
  • May: May marks the arrival of warm and comfortable weather, with average highs between 26°C and 31°C (79°F to 88°F). Outdoor activities become popular.

Summer (June to August):

  • June: Summer officially begins in June, with average high temperatures ranging from 31°C to 36°C (88°F to 97°F). The weather is hot and dry, perfect for beachgoers.
  • July: July is the hottest month, with average highs between 33°C and 38°C (91°F to 100°F). It’s a popular time for tourists, with plenty of sunshine.
  • August: August continues the hot and dry summer weather, with average highs ranging from 33°C to 38°C (91°F to 100°F).

Summer in Nicosia is characterized by scorching temperatures, clear skies, and minimal rainfall. It’s an ideal time for enjoying the island’s beaches and outdoor activities.

Autumn (September to November):

  • September: Autumn begins in September, with average high temperatures between 31°C and 36°C (88°F to 97°F). The foliage starts to change colors.
  • October: October brings cooler temperatures, with average highs ranging from 26°C to 31°C (79°F to 88°F). Fall foliage is at its peak.
  • November: November sees a further drop in temperatures, with average highs between 21°C and 26°C (70°F to 79°F). The city prepares for winter.

Winter (December to February):

  • December: Winter officially arrives in December, with average high temperatures ranging from 16°C to 20°C (61°F to 68°F). It’s a relatively mild winter.
  • January: January is the coolest month, with average highs between 15°C and 19°C (59°F to 66°F).
  • February: February continues the mild winter weather, with average highs ranging from 15°C to 19°C (59°F to 66°F).

Winter in Nicosia is characterized by mild temperatures, occasional rainfall, and relatively mild weather compared to many other European cities. While it is the coldest season, it still offers opportunities for outdoor exploration.


According to existingcountries, Nicosia experiences a Mediterranean climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The city’s annual average rainfall is approximately 400 millimeters (16 inches). The wettest months are typically December and January, with occasional rainfall and the potential for thunderstorms. The remainder of the year sees minimal precipitation, especially during the hot summer months.

Humidity and Wind:

Humidity levels in Nicosia are generally moderate, with no extreme fluctuations. Summers tend to have lower humidity due to the hot and dry conditions, while winters may feel slightly more humid. Winds in Nicosia are generally light to moderate, with occasional stronger gusts during storms or rainy periods.

Climate Variability and Extreme Weather Events:

Nicosia is not prone to extreme weather events like hurricanes or typhoons. However, it can experience occasional heavy rainfall and thunderstorms during the wet season. Flooding can occur in low-lying areas during these events.


In summary, Nicosia, Cyprus, enjoys a Mediterranean climate with distinct seasons. Summers are hot and dry, winters are mild and relatively wet, and spring and autumn provide transitional and pleasant weather. The city’s climate, combined with its cultural richness and historical landmarks, offers a unique and diverse range of experiences for residents and visitors alike.