Central African Republic 1997

Central African Republic is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, CF is the two-letter ISO code of Central African Republic, and CAF is the three-letter country abbreviation for Central African Republic.

Yearbook 1997

Central African Republic. According to Countryaah, the national day of Central African Republic is August 13. The unrest that began with a number of army revolts in 1996 continued in 1997. The French soldiers who had been in the country since April 1996 kept a low profile until early January 1997. Then revolters killed two French officers in an ambush in the capital Bangui, and the French the troops responded by firing ten revolvers and capturing another 30.

On February 18, a new national unity government was declared after several weeks of negotiations between the former government and opposition groups. General Amani Toumani Touré from Mali had acted as mediator. The 28-headed government contained members from ten different parties. The most important items, however, went to President Ange-Félix Patassé’s party Movement for the Liberation of Peuple Centrafricain (MLPC) and with this allied parties. Michel Gbezera-Bria became new prime minister.

In February, peacekeeping troops from Gabon, Senegal and Togo arrived to take over after the French troops called in to maintain the order after the April 1996 revolt.. According to this agreement, the force would stay in the Central African Republic for six months, receive soldiers from Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali as well, and a total of 500 people.

In March, the National Assembly voted to give the revolvers amnesty, an amnesty that would only include those who surrendered their weapons within 15 days. A week later, clashes between revolvers and soldiers from the peacekeeping force took place. In new meetings between the president and the revolt leader, Captain Anicet Saulet, the president was pressed for concessions. In early May, the mysterious disappearance of three revolvers led to new unrest. In July, a certain calm occurred after a ceasefire agreement between the revolvers and the inter-African force was signed. Most revolvers returned their weapons and returned to their sites.

History. – During the period from independence (13 August 1960) to the 1966 coup, the political life of the Central African Republic, dominated by the single party Mouvement pour l’Evolution Sociale de l’Afrique Noire (MESAN), took place smoothly under the presidency of David Dacko, who succeeded his cousin Barthélémy Boganda in March 1959, who died in a plane crash. The constitution of December 12, 1960 (derived from that of February 16, 1959) was amended several times, in 1961, 1963 and 1964. In 1964 Dacko was re-elected president with very large suffrage, while MESAN regained 50 seats in the National Assembly. But the discontent with the corruption and clientelism of the bureaucracy, which had already been hit by a reduction in salaries, encouraged the ambitions of the Chief of Staff and nephew of B. Boganda, col. Jean Bedel Bokassa, who on New Year’s Eve 1966 led a military coup, denouncing the faults and inefficiencies of the previous government: deposed Dacko, repealed the constitution and dissolved the constitutional bodies, Bokassa placed himself at the head of a new government, which he immediately accused of subversion and expelled the diplomats of People’s China, with which diplomatic relations had existed since 1964 and technical-economic cooperation agreements. In the following years Bokassa was able to reactivate the collaborative relationships between the Central African Republic and the neighboring French-speaking countries and to acquire credit in the international field, while he concentrated more and more power in his own hands, being both head of state and government and holder of important departments.

In internal politics, the regime is characterized by an authoritarian exercise of power, harsh repression of all opposition, poor respect for individual rights, serious inefficiency of the administration and, above all, lack of economic management. Attempts, actual or presumed, to oust Bokassa (by Col. Alexandre Banza, Minister of Health, in April 1969, and in April 1973 by Auguste M’Bongo, excluded shortly before by the government), were severely punished. In March 1973 MESAN proclaimed Bokassa president for life and in May 1974 awarded him the title of marshal of the republic; at the beginning of 1975 with another of the frequent ministerial reshuffles the office of prime minister was restored entrusted to Mrs Elisabeth Domicien, vice-president of the party. At the heart of the Central African Republic’s foreign policy are relations with France, which have marked continuous fluctuations between agreements and conflicts, also due to the changing nature of Bokassa: in July 1968 an agreement was concluded for the exploitation of uranium deposits, but in 1969 despite a visit by Bokassa to Paris, some French diamond companies were expelled; in 1971 the contrasts touched on currency problems and air services, but in May 1972 a new visit to Paris by President Bokassa restored full agreement; Accusations against France and reconciliation followed in 1973, with the granting of greater French aid, while in 1974 the friction led to serious measures (nationalization of French companies, closure of the consulate, etc.). On the other hand, in recent years the Central African Republic it extended its relations in Africa (among other things, Bokassa visits to Equatorial Guinea and Senegal, respectively in January and March 1975) and in other directions (eg, visit by Romanian Ceaušescu in 1972). Bokassa, which has taken on increasingly dictatorial ways (siding alongside the Ugandan Gen. Amin), escaped an attack at the beginning of 1976.