United Nations

UN Cooperation with Regional Organizations

Cooperation with regional organizations The UN cooperates with regional organizations in most areas. Many UN bodies have observer status in various international organizations, and a number of major regional organizations have long had the status of observers in the General Assembly and Ecosoc, among others. Since the end of the Cold War, co – operation […]

UNESCO Structure and Business

UNESCO Structure and Business

The structure UNESCO, based in Paris, has three main bodies: the General Conference, the Management Board and the Secretariat. The General Conference, the highest decision – making body, is held every two years with representatives of all UNESCO member countries. The General Conference, the highest decision – making body, is held every two years with […]

Venezuela Economic Conditions

Commodity shortages and inflation During the spring and summer of 2014, the government began to seriously address the challenges associated with goods shortages and inflation. Central to this problem was the increasing difference between the official exchange rate regulated by the state exchange system (formerly Cadivi, now Sicad) and the exchange rate on the black […]

Venezuela Military

Venezuela 1997

Venezuela is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, VE is the two-letter ISO code of Venezuela, and VEN is the three-letter country abbreviation for Venezuela. Yearbook 1997 Venezuela. In the capital, Caracas, on March 11, the largest organized protest to date was held against the current government’s economic austerity policy. According to […]

Uruguay Economic Conditions

The economy Uruguay is primarily a country that exports agricultural products: meat, grain, soybeans and timber. Being a commodity exporter is a historical characteristic of most Latin American economies. The Uruguayan model is considered by many to be a successful model. With a small population, export business is very important. The foremost recipient of the […]

Uruguay Military

Uruguay 1997

Uruguay is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, UY is the two-letter ISO code of Uruguay, and URY is the three-letter country abbreviation for Uruguay. Yearbook 1997 Uruguay. According to Countryaah, the national day of Uruguay is August 25. A change in the constitution that reformed the country’s electoral system in both […]

Suriname Economic Conditions

Lack of protection of the environment and indigenous peoples In both the bauxite and gold sectors, there has been a desire to expand mining and explore new areas for mining. This is disputed and the indigenous people continue to fight for the authorities in Suriname to recognize land rights, so that they can avoid potentially […]

Peru Economic Conditions

Investments and conflicts While Peru’s development model based on non-renewable commodity extraction has provided economic growth, it has also led to social and environmental conflicts in all parts of the country. As of February 2015, the Peruvian Ombudsman estimates that there are 160 ongoing conflicts in the country. 120 (75 percent) of these are social […]

Peru Military

Peru 1997

Peru is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, PE is the two-letter ISO code of Peru, and PER is the three-letter country abbreviation for Peru. Yearbook 1997 Peru. After 126 days, on April 22, the hostage taken by the Tupac Amarú guerrilla (MRTA) at the Japanese Embassy in Lima in December 1996 […]

Paraguay Economic Conditions

Economics and society The most important economic activities in the country are the agricultural industry and cattle farming. The country’s most important export products are soybeans, cotton and meat. Most of Paraguay’s population is of productive age (between 15 and 64 years). For every person of retirement age, there are 2 people able to work. […]

Paraguay Military

Paraguay 1997

Paraguay is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, PY is the two-letter ISO code of Paraguay, and PRY is the three-letter country abbreviation for Paraguay. Yearbook 1997 Paraguay. Politically, the year was characterized by great instability. It could be read in three government offices, accusations and counter-accusations within various factions of the […]

Guyana Economic Conditions

Hydropower in the rainforest The Amaila Falls hydropower project has been referred to as the flagship strategy of the low-carbon strategy. The plans for this project involve the containment of two rivers in the forested Pakaraimas/Potaro region, and the first phase will flood 23 square kilometers of forest. The dam is expected to have an […]

Guyana Military

Guyana 1997

Guyana is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, GY is the two-letter ISO code of Guyana, and GUY is the three-letter country abbreviation for Guyana. Yearbook 1997 Guyana. According to Countryaah, the national day of Guyana is May 26. 78-year-old President Cheddi Jagan died in March and was succeeded by Prime Minister […]

French Guiana Economic Conditions

Management of natural resources As the manager of nearly 8 million hectares of tropical rainforest and one of the most fishy marine areas in the world, French Guiana, which is subject to EU environmental regulations, plays a very special role in the European environmental context. For example, Parc Amazon is the Guyane of Europe’s largest […]

Ecuador Economic Conditions

Social mobilization Since 1979, social movements and organization have been regarded as actors of widespread legitimacy in Ecuador. The relationship between civil society and the state has historically been a reflection of the country’s changing institutionalization. From the corporate unions of the 1980s, to the ethnic and collective-based resistance of the indigenous movement of the […]

Ecuador Military

Ecuador 1997

Ecuador is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, EC is the two-letter ISO code of Ecuador, and ECU is the three-letter country abbreviation for Ecuador. Yearbook 1997 Ecuador. In early January, there was already great dissatisfaction with President Abdalá Bucaram Ortiz. A contributing cause was a tightening package from the government, which […]

Colombia Economic Conditions

Economic outlook Since international oil prices fell by half during the third and fourth quarters of 2014, Colombia has had significant revenue losses. The independent research institute Fedesarrollo estimated the loss in state oil revenues with stable low oil prices in 2015 to 20 billion pesos, or 58 billion pesos. The low oil prices have […]

Colombia Military

Colombia 1997

Colombia is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, CO is the two-letter ISO code of Colombia, and COL is the three-letter country abbreviation for Colombia. Yearbook 1997 Colombia. According to Countryaah, the national day of Colombia is July 20. President Ernesto Samper Pizano began the year declaring the country in financial distress. […]

Chile Economic Conditions

Human rights Protests and demonstrations that have characterized the country in recent years are constantly faced with police violence. There are numerous reports, including Amnesty International and the National Human Rights Institute (INDH) on police abuse and the unnecessary use of violence against students and high school students in and after demonstrations. Police violence against […]

Chile Military

Chile 1997

Chile is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, CL is the two-letter ISO code of Chile, and CHL is the three-letter country abbreviation for Chile. Yearbook 1997 Chile. According to Countryaah, the national day of Chile is September 18. Chile’s students protested during the summer against the allocation of financial resources to […]

Brazil Economic Conditions

Human rights Human rights were to be one of Dilma’s fan affairs, she herself was imprisoned and tortured during the military dictatorship. Still, Brazil’s environmental and human rights movement has called President Dilma’s reign the worst since the days of the military dictatorship. A report on human rights from Amnesty, released in February 2015, claims […]

Brazil Military

Brazil 1997

Brazil is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, BR is the two-letter ISO code of Brazil, and BRA is the three-letter country abbreviation for Brazil. Yearbook 1997 Brazil. According to Countryaah, the national day of Brazil is September 7. President Cardoso assured himself during the year that he would be eligible for […]

Bolivia Economic Conditions

Protests and social mobilization The construction of a highway through the national park and the indigenous territory of TIPNIS has been an inflamed theme since 2011. The protests against the highway and dissatisfaction with the government resulted in a march that received international attention, first in 2011 and later in 2012. The background for the […]

Bolivia Military

Bolivia 1997

Bolivia is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, BO is the two-letter ISO code of Bolivia, and BOL is the three-letter country abbreviation for Bolivia. Yearbook 1997 Bolivia. It was the sixth time for 71-year-old Hugo Banzer. After trying on five occasions since his retirement in 1978, he succeeded in getting both […]

Argentina Military

Argentina 1997

Argentina is a country located in South America. According to AbbreviationFinder, AR is the two-letter ISO code of Argentina, and ARG is the three-letter country abbreviation for Argentina. Yearbook 1997 Argentina. A series of protests shook Argentina. in May. The reason was partly the high unemployment rate in the country and partly the opposition to […]

Latin America and the Caribbean Population

South American Population

The South America has a length of approximately 17.8 million square kilometers and about 6% of the world’s population live in the territory, which amounted to over 418 million by 2015 – reaching a population density of 23,5hab./km². Its population is spread over the different territories that make up the subcontinent, notably: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, […]