Burundi Military

Burundi 1997

Burundi is a country located in Africa. According to AbbreviationFinder, BI is the two-letter ISO code of Burundi, and BDI is the three-letter country abbreviation for Burundi.

Yearbook 1997

Burundi. According to Countryaah, the national day of Burundi is July 1. There were battles all year between the Tutsi army and hutumilis. It was also reported that Hutus who returned from Tanzania were killed by the army. Probably, the multi-year conflict continued to require hundreds of deaths each month.

Burundi Military

At the same time, with its fierce advance against armed Hutus, the Tutsid-dominated coup government also sought to strengthen its reputation. Former President Sylvestre Ntibantunganya was allowed in June to leave the US embassy, ​​where he sought protection since he was deposed in July 1996. Several influential Tutsis were indicted before the Supreme Court for involvement in the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye in 1993, which triggered civil war a UN tribunal would investigate the murder.

A government offer for peace negotiations divided both groups. Since the dominant hutumilism CNDD, yes, fighting broke out between CNDD and the even more radical PALIPEHUTU. Charles Mukasi, leader of the Tutsid-dominated UPRONA government party, was arrested since he publicly protested against the negotiations.

Although, for humanitarian reasons, the neighboring countries relied on the penalties imposed after the 1996 coup, severe conditions were reported for the civilian population. The fighting between the hutumilis made the situation worse.

In September, UN Independent Investigation on Burundi (UNIIB) made a report to the UN Human Rights Council. It found that serious, systematic and widespread human rights violations were taking place in the country and that impunity was almost total. Against this background, the Human Rights Council set up an inquiry commission for Burundi. This move was rejected by the regime; in October it expelled the 3 UNIIB experts and terminated the cooperation with the UN Commissioner for Human Rights.

In April, the ICC decided to open a preliminary investigation into the situation in Burundi. The regime again responded 6 months later when Burundi’s parliament by overwhelming majority (94 out of 110 parliamentarians) decided that the country should step out of the ICC. Ten cases later, South Africa announced that this country also withdrew from the ICC. Several other African countries indicated that they were also considering withdrawing in protest that the Court has been used as a political instrument by the West against Africa since its inception. The Court has failed to investigate and prosecute the West and its allies with extensive war crimes in Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Iraq, Yemen and Palestine. With 34 out of 124 countries, the group of African countries was the largest member group in the ICC. (Burundi politicians back international criminal court withdrawal, Guardian 12/10 2016).

In January 2017, Minister of Water, Environment and Planning Emmanuel Niyonkuru was shot and killed. The regime escalated its revenge killings.

In May, the president set up a commission to draft proposals for amendments to the constitution. In particular, the removal of restrictions on re-election of the president.

History. – Still alive is the split in the national body between the hegemonic minority of the Tutsis and the Hutus. Both the military coup and the 10November 1976 replaced General M. Micombero with Colonel J.-B. Bagaza, as well as the upheaval that on September 3, 1987 brought a member of the family of the deceased Micombero, Major P. Buyoya, back to the top, were primarily acts of a dispute between factions within the Tutsi-Hima of the South, in power. The Bagaza regime, which also favored the return of refugees from the civil conflict of 1972 and attempted some reforms, did not redress the ethnic inequality. The land reform, enacted in 1976, did not really redistribute land to Hutu farmers or put an end to the patron-client relationship that perpetuated Tutsi dominance in the countryside. Union pour le Progrès National). A new Constitution was introduced in 1981. Legislative elections were held in 1982 and in July 1984 Bagaza was elected President of the Republic by universal suffrage for a five-year term. Starting from 1984, relations between the State and the Catholic Church, accused of aggregating the Hutu opposition, deteriorated, with negative repercussions on aid from Western countries, critical of the anti-religious measures and of Bagaza’s ties with the USSR. People’s China and Libya. The Church hailed the coup d’état of September 1987 as liberating. The Constitution suspended and powers conferred on a Comité Militaire de Salut National, Buyoya promised interventions on a declining economy and greater social justice. After the massacres of August 1988, followed by ethnic clashes in the north-east of the country and in the intervention by the army (which resulted in 5 to 24,000 deaths, depending on the sources, and 60,000 refugees, later repatriated), Buyoya launched a vigorous policy of national reconciliation and appointed (October) a government with a majority of Hutu members, but the army remained in the hands of the Tutsis. The new address, however, did not succeed in eliminating the ethnic conflict.