Bahamas is a country located in North America. According to AbbreviationFinder, BS is the two-letter ISO code of Bahamas, and BHS is the three-letter country abbreviation for Bahamas.
Between the last two censuses (1970 and 1980) the Bahamas population increased from 175,192 residents to 209,505, with an average annual increase over the decade, overall modest, of less than 1%; subsequently this increase increased, stabilizing, in the mid-1980s, at around 2% per year, and bringing the residents of the state to 244,000 units, according to a 1988 estimate. The increase in the urban population, which has reached approximately 70% of the total and which is largely concentrated in the capital city, Nassau (135,000 residents in 1980).
The society and the economy of the Bahamas are transforming more and more rapidly. What was an archipelago exporting products of agriculture (cane sugar, tomatoes, pineapples), forest and sea is today essentially a state providing tourist services (arrivals rose to 3,000,000 in 1987), which form at least 4/5 of the gross national product and employ over 2/3 of the active population, and financial services, as well as the area of attraction for industrial settlements; this is largely due to the very tolerant tax regime applied in the country. Per capita income has increased significantly, which is one of the highest in the Caribbean area ($ 10,570 in 1988, according to estimates by the World Bank); the balance of payments approaches balance, while the trade balance remains clearly passive; there have been significant changes in the organization of the territory, with the birth of large accommodation facilities and new manufacturing plants and with the improvement of communication infrastructures (increase of the road network, which today extends for 4100 km; construction of new airports). Relations with the United States are increasingly close, from which tourists (about 90%) and the capital invested come almost entirely, and which supply just under half of imports and absorb 60% of exports.
History. – The Progressive Liberal Party (PLP), the dominant political force since 1967, maintained its hegemony even after the independence of the Bahamas (1973), obtaining large parliamentary majorities in all subsequent elections (1977, 1982, 1987), despite the strengthening, in the 1980s, of the opposition forces united in the Free National Movement (FNM). The leader of the PLP, L. Pindling, prime minister since 1967, has continued the policy of close relations with the United States, while tourism and foreign financial investments (attracted by banking secrecy and favorable tax conditions) have retained an absolutely preponderant weight in the country’s economy. Some difficulties in relations with Washington caused the role assumed by the Bahamas in the international drug trade (especially towards the United States) in the eighties, and numerous members of the government, including Pindling himself, were repeatedly accused of corruption by drug traffickers.
Bahamas. At the February parliamentary elections, the ruling Free National Movement (FNM) won a landslide victory. The party received 57% of the vote and 34 of the 40 seats in Parliament’s second chamber. As a result, the incumbent Prime Minister Hubert A. Ingraham was sworn in for a second term in office on March 18.
The victory for FNM was mainly attributed to a successful economic situation for the country. Furthermore, the government had introduced a number of very popular measures such as minimum wages, greater decentralization of government power and the right of foreign men to work in the country immediately after they married domestic women.
According to Countryaah, the national day of Bahamas, The is July 10. The parliamentary elections also resulted in the resignation of Lynden Pindling, leader of the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) and former prime minister. Pindling had been prime minister for 25 years until the PLP election loss in 1992. He was succeeded as party leader by Perry Christie.
Tourism plays a key role in the country and accounts for half of the country’s employment. Tourist revenues account for 60% of the country’s GDP. 5.8 million tourists visited the country in 2012. 70% of these with cruise ships.
Violence is rising rapidly in the country as a result of high unemployment, the country’s position as a transit country for drugs from Latin America and a weak judicial system. In the first 9 months of 2015, 110 were killed. A 25% increase over the same period the year before.
In June 2016, the population voted no in a referendum on constitutional amendments that would have led to greater gender equality in the issue of citizenship. The existing legislation laid down very different rules for men and women in terms of how citizenship was inherited for the children.
The May 2017 parliamentary election was a staggering defeat for the reigning liberal populist PLP, which lost 25 seats and had to settle for 4. The winner became the conservative populist FNM who went ahead 26 seats and gained 35th FNM President, Hubert Minnis could then take over the government. The fact that the PLP went so badly in the election was partly because Prime Minister Perry Christie at the start of the election campaign said that “even God could not stop him”. It got a blasphemous sound in the religious land. Partly that the opposition carried out a campaign against the government party, which it accused of corruption – without really having any evidence.
While Category 5 Hurricane Irma caused enormous damage further south in the Caribbean and further west in Florida, the damage was limited in the Bahamas. On the other hand, the hurricane was so powerful that it sucked the water away from the coasts around the islands, so that one day the sea was exposed the next day.