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Vanuatu

Yearbook 1997

Vanuatu. According to Countryaah, a major government transformation in May resulted in the reunification of the previously divided Union of Moderate Parties. The transformation of the government was due to the fact that former Prime Minister Maxime Carlot Korman threatened with a declaration of confidence in the government. In November, Prime Minister Vohor dissolved the parliament since Korman filed one. New elections were announced until January 1998.

1997 Vanuatu

The first colonization of Polynesia is another mystery. Thor Heyerdahl's expedition in his boat Kon Tiki tried to prove that man came to Polynesia from America, but similarities in language, culture and crops rather connect the Melanesians with the Indonesians.

The Polynesians arrived in Vanuatu around 1,400 BCE They sailed and populated the entire Pacific region from Antarctica south of New Zealand, to Hawaii far north of the equator, and to Easter Island in the easternmost part of the ocean. They got livestock and developed a form of subsistence farming, made pottery and weaving, organized caste societies, and in some cases, passed on the story orally over the centuries.

On April 29, 1605, Spanish-Portuguese captain Pedro Fernández de Quirós caught sight of the islands, which he believed were part of the great Australian continent he was looking for. He baptized them Tierra del Espíritu Santo (Land of the Holy Spirit).

A century and a half later, the Frenchman Louis-Antoine de Bougainville sailed around the archipelago, proving that they were islands and not part of Australia. In 1774, British sailor James Cook drew the first map of the archipelago, which he called New Hebrides in memory of the Hebrides at Scotland.

In a few years, traders came to the islands that felled the aromatic trees (sandalwood). The islands could not offer other natural resources, but instead became suppliers of half-slave labor. The people were abducted or bought by the local chiefs for tobacco, mirrors and firearms.

In the middle of the 18th century, the North American civil war caused the world market price of cotton to rise. The cotton plantations in Indochina thus became so profitable that this slave trade continued long after the formal abolition of slavery. Because of the popular dislike of this colonialism, there were more missionaries who had to die in New Hebrides than in other parts of the Pacific.

Throughout almost the entire 19th century, the archipelago lay on the border of the French sphere of influence originating in New Caledonia and the British centered in the Solomon Islands. Both nations eventually decided to divide the archipelago. In 1887 a Joint Naval Commission was established and in 1906 the division was formalized.

The focal point of the joint colonial dominance was the maintenance of a number of fundamental institutions (postal, radio, customs and public works), and in addition left it to each of the colonial powers to develop their own parallel activities. Therefore, there were two police forces, two currencies, two independent health systems and two school systems in the islands.

The Melanesians were relegated to an outcast status in their own country. They were not considered citizens until a parliament was established in 1974 in the country. British and French citizenship was reserved for the whites, as was the ownership of the best lands.

 

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