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Uzbekistan

Yearbook 1997

Uzbekistan. According to Countryaah, a new law on political parties became effective January 7. According to this, parties formed on an ethnic or religious basis, as well as parties that oppose the country's constitution, are prohibited. To be approved, new parties must show that they have at least 5,000 members spread across at least eight of the country's twelve provinces. Thereafter, the parties have the right to stand in elections, print newspapers and form parliamentary and local groups.

1997 Uzbekistan

At the end of 1997, Uzbekistan was one of the 3 countries (along with Israel and the United States) voting against the lifting of the blockade against Cuba in the UN General Assembly. A majority of 143 countries voted for the United States to lift its unilateral blockade.

In early 1998, Tashkent manifested his concern over Islamists' progress in Tajikistan and the "Wahhabi" sect's activities in the Fergana Valley - a densely populated area divided between Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

On May 25, 1999, US President Karimov promised a $ 33 million loan. dollars to continue economic reforms. Four days later, the World Bank transferred DKK 25 million. dollars to the central bank to strengthen it in its monitoring work.

June 28, 6 men sentenced to death for bomb attacks were carried out in February in the capital. The assaults cost 16 lives and wounded over 100. According to human rights groups use the government "the danger" of an extremist Islamic uprising to legitimize suppression of religious and political rights. The repression of the authorities increased and about 1000 Uzbeks fled to Tajikistan, from where the Uzbek government asked them to be extradited on charges of publicity. On July 12, the UN set up a mission in Tajikistan to monitor the situation of refugees.

On September 17, Foreign Minister Abdulaziz accused Komilov, Tajikistan of supporting Islamic extremists operating from neighboring Kyrgyzstan. Acc. the Tajik opposition thus aggravated the "situation in the region".

In November, President Karimov supported Russia in the war against Chechnya, which was perceived as a war on Islam. Political observers confirmed that this move was logical (but irrational) for the elite of the former Soviet republics who, ironically, tried to settle Islam in predominantly Muslim countries.

On January 9, 2000, Karimov was re-elected with 92% of the vote. James Rubin, a spokesman for the US State Department, stated that the election "had not been free or fair" since voters had no other "alternatives". Rubin continued to laugh, telling that the only other candidate, Abulchafiz Dzjalalov, had declared that he had voted for Karimov himself. The European Organization for Security and Cooperation (OSCE) had refused to send observers and made similar criticisms of the election.

On March 28, the organization Human Rights Watch accused the government of conducting a "brutal campaign" against religious activists. Three weeks later, during a visit to the country, US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright offered a "package" of $ 3 million. dollars to fight drug trafficking and terrorism. With this commitment, President Karimov, during a visit to Delhi, India, asked the Indian government for cooperation in the fight against international terrorism in Afghanistan and other countries in Central Asia.

In June, Uzbekistan joined the Shanghai group, which consisted of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The spoonful countries now formed the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which signed an agreement obliging them to fight ethnic and religious militancy.

 

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