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United States

Yearbook 1997

USA. According to Countryaah, President Bill Clinton took up his second term on January 20. As new Foreign Minister, he appointed UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright and Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen. In contrast, the candidate as head of the CIA security service, Anthony Lake, was forced to step down after showing ignorance on several controversial issues. Instead, the new CIA chief became George Tenet. Clinton's candidate for new commander in chief, General Joseph Ralston, was also forced to withdraw after admitting an extramarital sexual relationship 13 years ago. The appointment became politically impossible since the female combat pilot Kelly Flinn shortly before being fired because of a love affair. New ÖB became Henry Shelton.

1997 United StatesBoth Clinton and Vice President Al Gore were persecuted by suspects of breaking the rules when they raised money for the 1996 election campaign. Clinton said, among other things. have received money in the White House and let major donors sleep over in President Lincoln's bedroom, and Gore would have used his White House service phone to call donors. It is illegal to collect campaign funds from federal premises. More troublesome, however, were the suspicions that money was being wasted in the Democratic election campaign from the Chinese state, likely to counter Taiwan's lobbying. However, no evidence of this emerged in the Senate hearings, and Justice Minister Janet Reno decided in December not to appoint a special prosecutor to investigate campaign funding.

1997 United States

Also troubling for Clinton was that the Supreme Court ruled that nothing prevents Paula Jones from suing the president during his term in office. Jones accused Clinton of sexual harassment, which she said occurred in 1991 while Clinton was the governor of Arkansas and she was employed by a state agency. The trial will begin in May 1998.

In May, Clinton and Republican leaders agreed that the budget balance should be achieved by 2002, which seemed possible thanks to the favorable economic situation in the country. Growth was the fastest in a decade and unemployment fell sharply to the lowest level since the early 1970s. The budget deficit fell to $ 22.6 billion, also the lowest level in 25 years and more than $ 100 billion less than projected. In July, the government was able to submit a budget containing the largest tax cuts of 16 years.

In April, the Senate ratified the chemical weapons ban treaty, since Clinton in turn reorganized several of the Republicans' disapproval of foreign government agencies, including the aid agency USAID.

By similar bargaining with issues unrelated to one another, abortion opponents in Congress in November succeeded in stopping the repayment of US debt to the UN. Against refraining from demanding an increase in federal funding for abortion aid abroad, abortion opponents halted the payment of the $ 926 million that Clinton promised the United Nations to pay and which he previously agreed with Congress. It was comforting that media magnate Ted Turner donated $ 1 billion to UN relief efforts. In December, negotiations to reduce the US contribution to the UN budget stranded from 25 to 20% over a three-year period.

In June, the tobacco industry pledged to pay $ 368.5 billion (about SEK 2,800 billion) in 25 years, mainly to cover the increased health care costs that tobacco causes to the states. In return, the industry would be guaranteed immunity from prosecution for tobacco's harmful effects. The agreement also included that the industry would work to reduce smoking among young people and that the authorities would regulate advertising and marketing. However, the settlement was postponed since Clinton demanded much tougher measures against the tobacco industry, including higher fines for manufacturers unless smoking among teenagers decreased by 60% within ten years.

In June, a Denver court sentenced Timothy McVeigh to death for the Oklahoma City blast attack in 1995, when 168 people were killed and over 500 injured. His aide Terry Nichols was later found guilty of conspiracy and causing death to another. In the US, 74 people were executed during the year, the highest figure since 1955. Half of the executions took place in Texas.

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