Uganda. As one of the world's poorest countries, Uganda
received the World Bank's offer to have its foreign debt
sharply reduced. Nevertheless, Uganda would spend twice as
much money on debt repayment as on tuition.
In June, Uganda's Vice President Speciosa Wandira visited
Kazibwe Sweden. She said during the visit that President
Museveni launched a campaign against corruption in the
country to further promote economic development. According
to Countryaah, Kazibwe
also emphasized the need for foreign investment.
Uganda was accused by neighboring Sudan of supporting
Christian guerrillas in southern Sudan. In return, Uganda
blamed Sudan for meddling in the country's internal
political struggles. Uganda participated in the talks in
August called by South African President Nelson Mandela to
establish a peace agreement in Sudan. Mandela said, among
other things. Uganda's commitment was a prerequisite for
ending the long-standing civil war in Sudan.
Uganda's foreign debt reached $ 1.2 billion in 1987. To
solve this problem, Museveni switched to barter with the
other African countries. In this way, the government tried
to build an independent economy, and bypass the IMF. This
strategy created problems with some countries in the West
that did not look kindly on the country's relations with
Cuba and Libya. The United States put pressure on Tanzania
and Rwanda, thereby destroying two barter agreements that
had been made with Uganda.
In 1991, the government banned the felling of trees in
the eastern part of the country to curb the destruction of
the environment. In addition, despite the intervention
causing short-term losses, the government decided to suspend
the export of logs and timber.
In March 1992, local elections were planned in different
parts of the country. However, supporters of former
President Milton Obote decided to boycott it. At the same
time, President Museveni ordered a number of journalists
arrested. They had reported human rights abuses committed by
the army in the north and northeast of the country. At the
same time, the president passed a law giving the government
the right to intervene directly with the local press.
In February 1992, local human rights organizations
accused Museveni of harassing opposition politicians and of
not allowing the creation of a multi-party democracy in the
country. The government replied that it sought to develop a
democracy based on traditional tribal structures and that
political parties were therefore superfluous.
Yet, in February 1993, pressure from the opposition and a
number of international organizations forced Museveni to
elect a constitutional assembly. It was to meet in 1995 to
work on the draft new constitution. Still, the initiative
was criticized by both the DP and Obote's UPC, as the
parties would remain semi-illegal for a 7-year period.
In February, Pope visited Uganda. He recommended the
sexual abstinence of the population to curb the spread of
AIDS. His statements caused significant damage in a country
where the disease has assumed epidemic-like dimensions and
where 20% of the population is HIV infected.
In an attempt to gain Baganda people's support,
gave Museveni permit the restoration of the monarchy. On
July 31, Prince Ronald Muenda Mutebi was inaugurated as a
new kakaba (king), and the government at the same time took
the opportunity to return the land which the Obote
government had previously taken away from the royal family.