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Uganda

Yearbook 1997

Uganda. As one of the world's poorest countries, Uganda received the World Bank's offer to have its foreign debt sharply reduced. Nevertheless, Uganda would spend twice as much money on debt repayment as on tuition.

In June, Uganda's Vice President Speciosa Wandira visited Kazibwe Sweden. She said during the visit that President Museveni launched a campaign against corruption in the country to further promote economic development. According to Countryaah, Kazibwe also emphasized the need for foreign investment.

Uganda was accused by neighboring Sudan of supporting Christian guerrillas in southern Sudan. In return, Uganda blamed Sudan for meddling in the country's internal political struggles. Uganda participated in the talks in August called by South African President Nelson Mandela to establish a peace agreement in Sudan. Mandela said, among other things. Uganda's commitment was a prerequisite for ending the long-standing civil war in Sudan.

1997 Uganda

Uganda's foreign debt reached $ 1.2 billion in 1987. To solve this problem, Museveni switched to barter with the other African countries. In this way, the government tried to build an independent economy, and bypass the IMF. This strategy created problems with some countries in the West that did not look kindly on the country's relations with Cuba and Libya. The United States put pressure on Tanzania and Rwanda, thereby destroying two barter agreements that had been made with Uganda.

In 1991, the government banned the felling of trees in the eastern part of the country to curb the destruction of the environment. In addition, despite the intervention causing short-term losses, the government decided to suspend the export of logs and timber.

In March 1992, local elections were planned in different parts of the country. However, supporters of former President Milton Obote decided to boycott it. At the same time, President Museveni ordered a number of journalists arrested. They had reported human rights abuses committed by the army in the north and northeast of the country. At the same time, the president passed a law giving the government the right to intervene directly with the local press.

In February 1992, local human rights organizations accused Museveni of harassing opposition politicians and of not allowing the creation of a multi-party democracy in the country. The government replied that it sought to develop a democracy based on traditional tribal structures and that political parties were therefore superfluous.

Yet, in February 1993, pressure from the opposition and a number of international organizations forced Museveni to elect a constitutional assembly. It was to meet in 1995 to work on the draft new constitution. Still, the initiative was criticized by both the DP and Obote's UPC, as the parties would remain semi-illegal for a 7-year period.

In February, Pope visited Uganda. He recommended the sexual abstinence of the population to curb the spread of AIDS. His statements caused significant damage in a country where the disease has assumed epidemic-like dimensions and where 20% of the population is HIV infected.

In an attempt to gain Baganda people's support, gave Museveni permit the restoration of the monarchy. On July 31, Prince Ronald Muenda Mutebi was inaugurated as a new kakaba (king), and the government at the same time took the opportunity to return the land which the Obote government had previously taken away from the royal family.

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