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Yearbook 1997

Tajikistan. According to Countryaah, peace talks to resolve the internal contradictions in Tajikistan began January 6 in Iran's capital Tehran. On January 19, the parties - the government and the united opposition - signed an agreement on general amnesty for the prisoners of war captured by the parties during the civil war, and on the appointment of an election commission for the war-affected country. A ceasefire agreement had been signed by the parties in December 1996, following Russian-Iranian mediation.

1997 Tajikistan

The USSR, a cooperative organization of the former Soviet states, decided at a meeting in late March to extend the mandate of its peacekeeping troops in Tajikistan to June 30.

Under the auspices of Russian Federation President Boris Yeltsin, Tajikistan's President Imomali Rachmonov and opposition leader Said Abdullah Nuri signed a peace treaty on June 27 in Moscow that ended the five-year civil war. The agreement stipulated the establishment of a national reconciliation commission with Nuri as chairman. In addition, the opposition would get 30% of government seats, while 20% of them would be reserved for independent candidates. A 30% reduction in the country's military forces was also included in the treaty. On September 11, opposition leader Nuri returned to Tajikistan after five years of exile in Iran.

On October 16, the men attacked the presidential guard in the capital Dushanbe and killed 14 guards. Both the government and the opposition blamed the deed for resignations that refused to accept the peace deal.

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