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Spain

Yearbook 1997

Spain. At the beginning of the year, Spain made a renewed request for a sovereignty shared with Britain over Gibraltar. The propane was rejected by the then British government, which is why the Spaniards returned with the same proposal to the Blair government at the end of the year.

1997 Spain

At the Spanish Socialist Party's (PSOE) congress in June, party leader Felipe González announced unexpectedly that he would step down. According to Countryaah, the 55-year-old González had been the party's leader since 1977. As a new leader, Congress elected the former minister and the party's group leader in parliament, 49-year-old Joaquín Almunia. Later in the year, González was called to the Supreme Court to answer questions about a suspected illegal financial aid to the PSOE 1987-91. González denied all knowledge of such support, but the court found it plagued and could link it to two party officials within the PSOE who were sentenced to three and eight years in prison respectively.

In April, the Spanish minority government under José María Aznar received support from virtually all the parties to the economic stabilization plan for the years 1997-2000 presented to Parliament.

The Basque terrorist organization ETA (Euskadi ta Askatasuna) continued its struggle for imprisoned ETAs to serve their sentences in Basque prisons. The main means of fighting was the use of kidnappings and murders. In July, ETA murdered local Basque politician Miguel Angel Blanco, leading to widespread protests, both peaceful and armed, across Spain. Blanco's funeral was attended by both the Spanish Crown Prince and the Prime Minister, and King Juan Carlos delivered a speech to the nation on television that evening.

ETA continued its terrorist activities during the fall. The government responded with even more intense opposition than before. At the end of November, ETA announced that it would change tactics by suspending all violent attacks, but for that reason did not give up the requirement that ETA prisoners be moved to Basque prisons. The new attitude at ETA coincided with the Supreme Court sentencing 23 members of ETA's political branch Herri Batasuna to each of seven years' imprisonment for spreading ETA propaganda and thus "defending terrorism". This caused ETA to resume its terrorist activities, and in December politician José Luis Caso became ETA's 13 murder victims for the year. At the end of the year, the government decided to relocate 15 ETA members to prisons located closer to the Basque Country.

Madrid

Madrid, the capital of Spain; 3.3 million residents (2011). The city is located in the region of the same name approximately in the middle of the Iberian Peninsula. In the region (8028 km2, 6.5 million in 2011), mainly citrus fruits, olives and cereals are grown; there is also sheep, goat and bull breeding.

The climate is heavily influenced by the Sierra de Guadarrama mountain range towards NV; the winds from the mountains in winter and from the south in summer create a very varied climate that is dry year-round with cold winters and extremely hot summers. To the south, the region is bordered by the high plain of New Castile La Meseta.

Madrid city is divided into 21 neighborhoods. It is centrally located in Spain on a plateau for approximately The altitude of 667 m is a series of low-corrugated sandy slopes down towards the almost dry river of Manzanares in the summer, a tributary to Jarama, which in turn connects to the Tajo. The plateau is intersected by numerous lavas, arrollos, original rains of rains with outflows into the river. The largest of these is the promenade Paseo de la Castellana, which continues in Paseo de Recoletos and Paseo del Prado, through which the rainwater is channeled to Arroyo de Atocha.

Madrid misses because of its location on the Spanish high plain natural conditions for an expansive development. The increase is first and foremost based on Spain's centralist state policy, which has helped to make Madrid the largest city of the Iberian Peninsula. In most areas it is the center of Spain with one of the richest industrial areas in the country.

The city's rich cultural life, with art museums and theaters, not least adds to the considerable tourism. The leading university is the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (founded 1508 in Alcalá de Henares and moved to Madrid in 1836), which until the early 1900's. was the only university in Spain that could grant a doctorate.

For the Madrils, the city's sporting pride is the football clubs Club Atlético de Madrid and Real Madrid CF; especially the latter has proud traditions in European club football at the famous home ground, Bernabeu, with seating for 110,000 spectators.

Business and communication

Madrid is strongly influenced by the functions naturally associated with the country's capital, including public administration, education, scientific and cultural institutions, banking, insurance and publishing; three of Spain's largest banks, including Danmarks Nationalbank, are headquartered here, and approximately For example, 80% of all publishing production is distributed between Barcelona and Madrid.

The city's older industries, which are linked to the aerospace and automotive industries, dominate together with new high-tech companies in electronics, plastics, rubber and food production. In Madrid, optical instruments, electrical articles (hardware, telecommunications), furniture, machinery (including agricultural machinery), glass, paper (books), pharmaceuticals and consumer goods. The construction industry has good conditions in Madrid, such as is the seat of Europe's largest construction company. Furthermore, tourism is a major part of the city's revenue.

As in other major cities, the existing business structure of SMEs is complemented by major Spanish and international groups. The major industrial areas are located in the southern and eastern parts, among others. the Spanish film and television industry.

Madrid's transport network has been developed in line with the growth of business. The road network and in particular the railway have made the city a traffic hub for all of Spain. Car traffic is directed around the city center via a ring of highways. As in other major cities, the city's road network is congested and there are air and noise nuisances. The international airport is located 16 km east of the center of Barajas and has more than 40 million annually. traveler.

Public transport is well functioning with one of the world's most developed subway systems and a network of bus routes. Madrid today has high speed connections to Seville, Catalonia and Barcelona. The goal is for these trains to carry passengers to and from all major cities in Spain in 2010 in less than four hours. On 11 March 2006, regional trains were subjected to terrorist attacks in which 201 people were killed.

 

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