Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Africa > South Africa

South Africa

Yearbook 1997

South Africa. Many of today's and yesterday's leaders appeared during the year before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which investigated crimes during the apartheid era. Several leaders within the African National Congress (African National Congress) acknowledged that the movement tortured and killed dissidents, but in principle defended the methods used in the fight against apartheid. Among white leaders who asked for forgiveness for apartheid injustices were former Foreign Minister Pik Botha and former Police Minister Adriaan Vlok. However, their boss, former president FW de Klerk, did not admit guilt, but his representative PW Botha risked prosecution after he refused to be heard.

According to Countryaah, five security officers admitted that in 1977 they had killed Liberty leader Steve Biko. Their attempts to obtain official forgiveness were met by protests from the Biko family, who demanded that they be brought to justice. Towards the end of the year, harsh accusations were made in the commission hearings against President Nelson Mandela's former wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, in April re-elected as leader of the ANC Women's Association. She was held responsible for a number of murders of black youths and a doctor in Soweto in the late 1980s but rejected all charges.

The Truth Commission proposed in October that approximately 22,000 victims of apartheid should be compensated with SEK 35,000. each for six years, a total of about SEK 5 billion.

In August, FW de Klerk left the policy. He was succeeded as leader of the Nationalist Party, National Party (NP), by Marthinus van Schalkwyk. One of NP's calving calves, Roelf Meyer, left the party after being criticized for going too far in modernizing NP. Together with Bantu Holomisa, who was excluded from the ANC after accusing leading party members of corruption, he formed the United Democratic Movement, United Democratic Movement (UDM).

At the ANC congress in December, Nelson Mandela left the chair. New President was elected Vice President Thabo Mbeki, who is also likely to succeed Mandela as President in 1999. Jacob Zuma, head of government in the KwaZulu/Natal province, was elected Deputy Chairman.

South Africa abolished the death penalty in November. The last execution took place in 1989. However, there was a strong opinion to resume the executions as part of the fight against high crime. Among other things, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela demanded a referendum on the revival of the death penalty.

1997 South Africa

South Africa's economy was predominantly fragile with the exception of some export sectors such as wine, arms and cars, which benefited from the country's stable currency - the rand. The tighter political situation in neighboring Zimbabwe caused investment to fall in the region; the drought in 2002 worsened food shortages in southern Africa and poverty was exacerbated by the AIDS/HIV epidemic.

In July 2002, the Constitutional Court forced the government to launch a comprehensive national program to prevent the transmission of HIV from mothers to children. As part of the treatment, the mothers should take the antiretroviral medication Nevirapine.

The same month, the African Union (AU) was formed in Durban. An idea originally fostered by Libyan leader Muammar al-Khaddafi. The AU replaces the OAU, considered by many to be a "dictators' club". The new organization's focus is on the progress of the African people and proper governance. The AU is made up of 53 countries and has modeled the European Union (EU). Although, like the OAU, it emphasizes non-interference in the internal affairs of the countries, it is nevertheless possible in the case of genocide or war crimes. To this end, the organization has a peacekeeping force and a supranational court. It also has a central bank that seeks to introduce a single currency. Mbeki was elected as the organization's first chairman.

In April 2004, the 3rd parliamentary elections were held since the abolition of apartheid, giving the ANC 70% of the vote. Mbeki was thus re-elected and promised that he would not let go of the people who had given the ANC majority.

Mbeki promised that the government would provide all the South African families with water and electricity that had already waited 5-8 years to get these supplies in place. He also stated that by March 2004, 113 health centers had been opened, reaching 53,000 South Africans in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Mbeki had so far been subjected to considerable criticism from both home and abroad for not taking sufficient steps in the fight against the epidemic. The government accepted the criticism and declared that it would do more to treat the sick and would make the medicine more accessible and cheaper.

In July, Cape Floral in the Cape Province was recognized by UNESCO as one of the world's richest areas for aquatic plants and flora. Within this area, 20% of the African continent is found and is a living example of development and biodiversity. At least 70% of Cape Floral's 9,000 plant species are found only there. The government declared itself willing to allow tourists access to the area under regulated conditions. It will both create jobs and provide the country with currency.

The same month, information from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS) indicated that in 2004-05, the country will continue to face serious problems in the birth of the population.

In January 2005, President Mandela admitted that his eldest son - the only survivor - had died of AIDS. He insisted that the only way to fight the disease was to talk openly about it.

In June 2005, Vice President Jacob Zuma's financial adviser, Achabir Shaik was sentenced to prison for corruption. Shaik had used the Vice President's name to enter into favorable agreements with a French firm. The vice president rejected any knowledge of the case. However, the South African press unanimously demanded the departure of Zuma, who, after pressure from Mbeki, had to give up his post. Similarly, 21 politicians, most MPs and ex-deputies from the ANC, were charged in court with fraud involving state funds for luxury travel, dinners and car rentals.

 

Other Countries in Africa

Arist Countries Copyright 1997 - 2020 All Rights Reserved