Sierra Leone. According to
Countryaah, the military conducted a coup in late May.
Parliament dissolved and then-President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
fled to neighboring Guinea. The coup leader Johnny Paul
Koroma announced the same day in the state-controlled radio
that he had occupied the post of head of state and head of
government. A few days later, Koroma announced that he had
repealed the constitution and that he would reinstate "real"
democracy in the country.
The UN and many countries condemned the coup. Neighboring
Nigeria sent troops to Sierra Leone in a failed attempt to
reinstate the overthrowing president and his government. No
country recognized the junta during the year.
In June, Koroma announced his intention to form a
revolutionary council, the Armed Forces Revolutionary
Council, AFRC, which also included representatives of the
RUF, Revolutionary United Front.
Intensive international pressure was under way during the
year to give up the military junta. A Commonwealth
ministerial committee decided in July to exclude Sierra
Leone from the organization until the democratically elected
government was re-elected.
The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on the country
in mid-October. The UN resolution urged Koroma to relinquish
power, cease all acts of violence, and ensure that
humanitarian aid reached those in need. Hans Dahlgren,
Sweden's UN ambassador, was appointed to lead the committee
which had the task of monitoring compliance with the
From a meeting in Guinea at the end of October - where
Foreign ministers from the West African organization ECOWAS
and representatives of the new government in Sierra Leone
participated - announced that the military junta signed a
peace plan. According to the six points of the agreement, a
ceasefire would take place immediately and a disarmament of
the military forces would be implemented. Juntan also agreed
to reinstate the overthrown president on April 22, 1998.
According to the agreement, he will then lead a broadly
composed unity government.
Pleasure scenes erupted in Sierra Leone's capital
Freetown when news of the peace plan was announced. However,
food shortages and homelessness were a major problem in the
country. The UN estimated that more than 200,000 people were
in urgent need of food aid because of the fighting in the