In August 1978, land reform was initiated, which initially
touched on the non-cultivated lands in the country. At the
same time, the power plants, the water supply, the
construction sector and the transport system were
nationalized. Maximum prices for basic foods were set and
compulsory literacy started. The government's programs
boosted the economy of the Seychelles, and despite the fact
that the islands have neither minerals nor oil, per capita
income in 1979-80 rose above the level of the other Pacific
islands. Furthermore, as a completely unheard-of step among
third world countries, the country's currency was written
However, the main reason for economic growth was the
development of tourism and the rationalization of
administration. Seychelles receives an average of 80,000
tourists annually. During Mancham's reign, there were
predominantly South African tourists, but after Albert
Rene's takeover of power, the number of European visitors -
especially British, increased.
the country received support from the African Development
Bank to expand a number of ports. The project aimed to
expand the fishing capacity.
Albert Rene's opponents, and especially the South African
government, did not give up the plans to destabilize the
Socialist government in Seychelles. In November 1981, a
group of 45 mercenaries led by Colonel Mike Hoare attempted
to invade the country and overthrow the government. The coup
attempt had been planned in London by the former James
Mancham and was supported by the Government of South Africa.
But the attempt failed and the group ended up hijacking a
commercial aircraft to escape to South Africa.
Following the failed invasion attempt, the government
issued a state of emergency and curfew. The people militia
now showed its ability to neutralize the conspiracy and
began to monitor the foreigners in the country.
The invasion attempt and the economic crisis in Europe
led to a 10% fall in tourist flows. The situation worsened
further in August 1982, when some military units made a
failed uprising. It fueled the rumors of a new conspiracy by
the mercenaries and led to a backlash campaign by
conservative media in Europe. In June 1984, Albert René was
re-elected president with 93% of the vote. The last
political prisoner from the opposition was released, while
the normalization of the domestic political situation
allowed the president to resort to a more pragmatic policy.
In 1986, the Seychelles and the United States
renegotiated an agreement, originally concluded in 1976 and
renewed in 1981, that allows the superpower to operate a
satellite tracking station on the island of Mahé.
In September 1986 a new coup attempt was carried out.
Albert René was in Zimbabwe where he attended the Alliance
Free Countries Summit. He immediately returned home,
shattered the uprising and arrested the deputies, including
the leader, Defense Secretary Colonel Ogilvy Berlouis.
The government had proposed for some years to make the
Indian Ocean a peace area, and had begun to demand from the
ships that entered the Seychelles' ports that they not carry
nuclear weapons. Since then, warships from the United States
and Britain had failed to enter the Seychelles. The country
entered diplomatic relations in 1988 with the Comoros and
Mauritius, and in 1989 with Morocco and the Ivory Coast.
At the June 1989 presidential election, Albert René was
the only candidate. He was elected to a third term with 96%
of the vote - according to the report. the official count.
After the election, the president announced a reorganization
of the government. He himself took up the post of Minister
of Industry and merged planning, foreign finance and tourism
In September 1989, the President of India, Ramaswamy
Yenkataraman conducted a 3-day visit to Victoria and the two
countries signed a cultural exchange agreement. In January
1990, the country entered diplomatic relations with Kenya.