Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Africa > Seychelles

Seychelles

1997 Seychelles

In August 1978, land reform was initiated, which initially touched on the non-cultivated lands in the country. At the same time, the power plants, the water supply, the construction sector and the transport system were nationalized. Maximum prices for basic foods were set and compulsory literacy started. The government's programs boosted the economy of the Seychelles, and despite the fact that the islands have neither minerals nor oil, per capita income in 1979-80 rose above the level of the other Pacific islands. Furthermore, as a completely unheard-of step among third world countries, the country's currency was written up.

However, the main reason for economic growth was the development of tourism and the rationalization of administration. Seychelles receives an average of 80,000 tourists annually. During Mancham's reign, there were predominantly South African tourists, but after Albert Rene's takeover of power, the number of European visitors - especially British, increased.

According to Countryaah, the country received support from the African Development Bank to expand a number of ports. The project aimed to expand the fishing capacity.

Albert Rene's opponents, and especially the South African government, did not give up the plans to destabilize the Socialist government in Seychelles. In November 1981, a group of 45 mercenaries led by Colonel Mike Hoare attempted to invade the country and overthrow the government. The coup attempt had been planned in London by the former James Mancham and was supported by the Government of South Africa. But the attempt failed and the group ended up hijacking a commercial aircraft to escape to South Africa.

Following the failed invasion attempt, the government issued a state of emergency and curfew. The people militia now showed its ability to neutralize the conspiracy and began to monitor the foreigners in the country.

The invasion attempt and the economic crisis in Europe led to a 10% fall in tourist flows. The situation worsened further in August 1982, when some military units made a failed uprising. It fueled the rumors of a new conspiracy by the mercenaries and led to a backlash campaign by conservative media in Europe. In June 1984, Albert René was re-elected president with 93% of the vote. The last political prisoner from the opposition was released, while the normalization of the domestic political situation allowed the president to resort to a more pragmatic policy.

In 1986, the Seychelles and the United States renegotiated an agreement, originally concluded in 1976 and renewed in 1981, that allows the superpower to operate a satellite tracking station on the island of Mahé.

In September 1986 a new coup attempt was carried out. Albert René was in Zimbabwe where he attended the Alliance Free Countries Summit. He immediately returned home, shattered the uprising and arrested the deputies, including the leader, Defense Secretary Colonel Ogilvy Berlouis.

The government had proposed for some years to make the Indian Ocean a peace area, and had begun to demand from the ships that entered the Seychelles' ports that they not carry nuclear weapons. Since then, warships from the United States and Britain had failed to enter the Seychelles. The country entered diplomatic relations in 1988 with the Comoros and Mauritius, and in 1989 with Morocco and the Ivory Coast.

At the June 1989 presidential election, Albert René was the only candidate. He was elected to a third term with 96% of the vote - according to the report. the official count. After the election, the president announced a reorganization of the government. He himself took up the post of Minister of Industry and merged planning, foreign finance and tourism ministries.

In September 1989, the President of India, Ramaswamy Yenkataraman conducted a 3-day visit to Victoria and the two countries signed a cultural exchange agreement. In January 1990, the country entered diplomatic relations with Kenya.

 

Other Countries in Africa

Arist Countries Copyright 1997 - 2020 All Rights Reserved