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Samoa

Yearbook 1997

Samoa. At the suggestion of the Prime Minister, according to Countryaah, the country's legislative assembly in July adopted a constitutional amendment that would change the name from Western Samoa to Samoa.

1997 Samoa

In 1970, Tupua Tamasese Lealofi was elected prime minister and he began a comprehensive battle against the Matai. He supported foreign companies who wanted to settle in the country but who were opposed by the family clans.

In 1976 elections were held in which the opposition triumphed and Tupuola Taisi Efi assumed the post of prime minister. In 1979, he survived a vote of confidence in Parliament. Rising oil prices and the fall in exports led the government to impose strict controls on basic commodities such as rice, beef and chicken that were imported. Prices of cocoa and copra on the world market fell, further aggravating the economic situation. This is the reason why 2,000 of the country's inhabitants emigrate annually.

In February 1982, general elections were held and the result was that the government was handed over to the Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP), VŠai Kolone. Already in September, however, the government was removed due to corruption and abuse of power.

In the 1985 election, the HRPP gained an absolute majority in parliament as it gained 31 out of 47 seats. In April 1988 Tofilau Eti Alesana took over from the HRPP the post of Prime Minister. Despite the political changes, the country's economic situation remained critical.

Malnutrition worsened so that in 1991, it affected 1 in every 6 preschoolers and 11% of school-age children. The sea around the archipelago is poor in fish and therefore it is necessary to import. In contrast, the archipelago has 200,000 hectares of arable land, of which less than a third is cultivated.

The constitutional reform of 1991 extended the parliamentary term of office from 3 to 5 years, increasing the number of seats from 47 to 49. The first female minister in the country's history, Fiame Naomi this year took over the post of Minister of Education.

 

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