Samoa. At the suggestion of the Prime Minister, according
to Countryaah, the
country's legislative assembly in July adopted a
constitutional amendment that would change the name from
Western Samoa to Samoa.
In 1970, Tupua Tamasese Lealofi was elected prime minister
and he began a comprehensive battle against the Matai.
He supported foreign companies who wanted to settle in the
country but who were opposed by the family clans.
In 1976 elections were held in which the opposition
triumphed and Tupuola Taisi Efi assumed the post of prime
minister. In 1979, he survived a vote of confidence in
Parliament. Rising oil prices and the fall in exports led
the government to impose strict controls on basic
commodities such as rice, beef and chicken that were
imported. Prices of cocoa and copra on the world market
fell, further aggravating the economic situation. This is
the reason why 2,000 of the country's inhabitants emigrate
In February 1982, general elections were held and the
result was that the government was handed over to the Human
Rights Protection Party (HRPP), VŠai Kolone. Already in
September, however, the government was removed due to
corruption and abuse of power.
In the 1985 election, the HRPP gained an absolute
majority in parliament as it gained 31 out of 47 seats. In
April 1988 Tofilau Eti Alesana took over from the HRPP the
post of Prime Minister. Despite the political changes, the
country's economic situation remained critical.
Malnutrition worsened so that in 1991, it affected 1 in
every 6 preschoolers and 11% of school-age children. The sea
around the archipelago is poor in fish and therefore it is
necessary to import. In contrast, the archipelago has
200,000 hectares of arable land, of which less than a third
The constitutional reform of 1991 extended the
parliamentary term of office from 3 to 5 years, increasing
the number of seats from 47 to 49. The first female minister
in the country's history, Fiame Naomi this year took over
the post of Minister of Education.