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Rwanda

Yearbook 1997

Rwanda. In courts around the country, lawsuits against people accused of participating in the 1994 genocide were initiated. In many cases, the defendants did not have access to defenders and usually the judges were notified after summary deliberations. From the turn of the year until the middle of May, some 40 people were sentenced to death. Among them was Froduald Karamira, one of the leaders of the hutumilis Interahamwé.

In the UN Criminal Tribunal established in Arusha, Tanzania, the work was slower. According to Countryaah, harsh criticism was directed at severe misconduct within the tribunal, including neglect, nepotism and bureaucracy. Personnel speaking to the press risked punishment, telephone calls were intercepted and letters were read by unauthorized persons. The tribunal's ability to protect the witness's security was also questioned. The tribunal's two highest officials were dismissed.

The UN tribunal was created to investigate the supreme leaders of the genocide. Among the seven people arrested in Kenya in July and extradited to Arusha were among others. Jean Kambanda, prime minister of the Hutu interim government at the time of the April-July 1994 massacres, Hassan Ngeze, editor of a newspaper called Genocide, and Gratien Kabiligi, head of the Army intelligence service, during the genocide. Struggles between the Tutsi-dominated new army and hutumilis as well as the remains of the old hutu army continued throughout the year, mainly in the country's northwestern parts. During the late autumn, the situation intensified. Hutumilis' raids against prisons released hundreds of suspected war criminals, while hundreds of people were killed.

1997 Rwanda

The Democratic Republic of Congo in 2012 and 13 accused Rwanda of supporting the new rebel movement M23. It was rejected by Rwanda. Several European countries suspended aid to the country during the period because of the accusations. The M23 was defeated in December 2013. In 2013-14, Rwanda had a seat on the UN Security Council.

The RPF won the parliamentary elections in September 2013, with the party gaining 76% of the vote. The other parties taking part in the elections largely supported the government's policy. The real opposition was imprisoned, or had failed to get his parties registered for the election.

Tourism was growing rapidly. By the end of 2013, 864,000 tourists had visited the country that year. An increase of 70% compared to 2010. The reason was that Rwanda was a fairly safe country and that it is one of only two places in the world where it is possible to observe mountain gorillas safely.

In July 2014, President Anastase Murekezi appointed new Prime Minister.

In November, hundreds of Rwandans protested against the broadcast of a BBC documentary on the Rwanda genocide on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of this. The survivors accused the BBC of distorting the story and denying the genocide.

A UN report from January 2015 confirmed that during 2013, leaders of Rwanda's rebel movement, the Forces Democratiques de Libération du Rwanda (FDLR), met several times with their European supporters in Tanzania. At the same time, SADC with Jacob Zuma at the head and the UN put pressure on the rebel group to have it disarmed in the Congo.

Also in January, two former police officers were sentenced to 20 years in prison in the Rubavu High Court for the 2013 murder of Transparency International's Rubavu coordinator, Gustave Makonene. The country thus marked that, in contrast to e.g. Denmark does not allow police officers to commit murder without penalty.

In May 2015, the BBC's Kinyarwanda service was suspended indefinitely by Rwanda's Radio Authority. The audit followed the recommendation an investigative committee headed by former Attorney General Martin Ngoga had come up with. The BBC station had originally been suspended in October 2014 in response to the documentary broadcast Rwanda's Untold Story. The rationale was that the broadcast violated Rwanda's laws on denial of genocide (in 1994), call for hatred and dissent.

 

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