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Philippines

Yearbook 1997

Philippines. During the year, the government negotiated with the Muslim guerrilla Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). According to Countryaah, the outbreak group MILF had not signed the Mindanao Agreement, which was signed in September 1996 between the government and the other Muslim liberation movement on the island of Mindanao, the parent organization Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).

At the end of June, the MILF demanded that the negotiations with the government be postponed in the future, as fighting between the guerrillas and government soldiers had again erupted. On July 30, a cease-fire agreement was concluded between the parties and negotiations resumed.

In an armed attack on the largest army base in southern Mindanao on October 14, three soldiers and the two perpetrators, who were found to have Egyptian and Saudi passports respectively, were killed. The Philippine intelligence service claimed that the two assailants had relations with the MILF. However, spokesmen for MILF denied any involvement in the attack.

In May, tensions rose between the Philippines and China as Chinese warships reached the waters near the disputed Sprat Islands in the South China Sea. The Philippines filed a formal protest with the Chinese authorities, and at the end of the month, both countries had contacts to start negotiations on the disputed archipelago. In addition, it was agreed that the countries should inform each other before any activities in the waters around the islands, which are believed to be rich in oil and minerals.

1997 Philippines

1996 Peace Agreement with MNLF

Despite protests from the country's Christian majority, the government continued negotiations with the Islamic guerrillas offered to get representatives in Congress, the Supreme Court and the government, as well as allowing its partisans to be included in the police and military. The government's purpose was to secure peace in the country so that economic reforms could be implemented that would enable it to compete with its neighboring countries organized in ASEAN. On September 30, 1996, the government and the Islamic guerrilla signed a peace agreement. The leader of the MNLF, Nur Misuari, became governor of the island of Mindanao, which makes up about a quarter of the country's land. The Christian opposition to the agreement planned the implementation of a referendum in 98 against autonomy. President Ramos also entered into agreements with the CPP and the NPA, which continued to operate in several cities and rural areas.

In January 1998, thousands of children marched through the streets of Manila in protest of child slavery in the country. The demonstration launched a worldwide campaign to improve the situation of the 250 million children working, despite the fact that it is. international treaties are prohibited. About 63% of the exploited children live in Asia. Following a formal protest by the Chinese government, President Ramos denied having had talks with Taiwan's Prime Minister. The same month, the Supreme Court reached an agreement on the transfer of most of Marcos' assets to Philippine banks. In May, Vice President Joseph Estrada was elected new president with 37% of the vote. The country was severely affected by the financial crisis in Southeast Asia and the government declared it would continue the structural adjustment, as the previous governments had initiated following pressure from the World Bank and the IMF. At the same time, the government refused to introduce currency controls and foreign trade controls.

At the end of the year, the Philippines found itself in the group of countries the US was "concerned about" due to their alleged drug production. Acc. a North American report is the Philippines major exporter of cannabis.

In 1999, East Asia was hit by severe flooding. Although the damage was not as severe as in China, a significant portion of the harvest was affected in the Philippines and thousands were driven to flight.

In October 2000, thousands in the streets of Manila demonstrated for President Estrada to resign, and the opposition tabled a mistrust proposal in Congress after a former ally of Estrada revealed that the president had received several millions in bribery from the illegal gambling syndicates. The protests continued, in January 2001, Estrada had to step down and his Vice President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo took over the post.

In April 2001, Estrada was accused by the State Attorney of having accumulated a fortune of over $ 80 million. US $ by corruption through its 2˝ year son president. The total of 8 charges were: looting, robbery, bribery, fraud with public funds, perjury, unlawful use of a tire name, illegal gambling and violation of the Code of Ethical Standards. His son Jinggoy, his wife Luisa Ejército as well as a number of his business associates received similar charges. This happened after the Supreme Court had deprived Estrada of his political immunity, and rejected his claim to be declared the country's rightful president.

The charges of corruption also reached the new president when her husband in October 2001 was charged with receiving a bribe. A former presidential palace accused Attorney José Miguel Arroyo of having received over US $ 900,000 from a telecommunications company against raising a presidential veto on frequency distribution. Both the president and the accused ordered an investigation conducted.

 

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