North Korea is a country located in eastern Asia as
Abbreviationfinder.org. Alarms about crying food shortages
overshadowed other news this year from North Korea Experts from UN
agencies FAO, WFP and UNICEF, from the EU and from the
International Committee of the Red Cross visited the country
and reported on malnourished children and a famine near pure
disaster. Severe droughts, ruined harvests and general
economic downturns were cited as the reason why millions of
people have to live on minimal food rations exuded with
grass, roots and berries. For the first time, the communist
regime also admitted that the famine had demanded deaths.
Over 130 children were said to have died.
Data on millions of starving and on cannibalism among the
hungry were rejected by the experts. The UN, the EU and the
International Committee of the Red Cross, etc. sent hundreds
of thousands of tons of grain to the country to meet the
most urgent needs. Despite the supply crisis, North Korea
imposed tough conditions to allow the enemy South Korea to
send emergency aid. The South Koreans, in turn, demanded to
distribute their aid themselves. Only in May, the countries'
Red Cross organizations were able to agree on an initial
supply of 50,000 tonnes of supplies, which began shipping
via China in June. An agreement for an additional 50,000
tonnes was signed in July. However, North Korea leader Kim Jong Il
warned his people to hope for imperial assistance.
On September 9, after the regime ended the country's
grief following the death of President Kim Il Sung in 1994,
a new time series - the Juch calendar - was introduced with
the deceased's birth year 1912 as the start year. The state
ideology "juche" stands for a long-driven self-confidence.
One month later, Supreme Leader Kim Jong Il, the president's
55-year-old son, was elevated to the Communist Party leader,
a post that has been vacant for three years. Only the
presidential post thus remained to occupy.
No political course change was expected in Pyongyang
following Kim's take-over as party leader. But judges in
Seoul believed that the clearer power structure in the north
could still facilitate the pursuit of peace. Following
preparatory four-party meetings in New York, South Korea,
North Korea, USA and China finally began peace talks in Geneva on
December 9 for a formal end to the Korean War 1950-53. North Korea
demanded, inter alia, that the United States would first
withdraw all its troops from South Korea.
One of the most difficult setbacks for Pyongyang was when
top politician and juche ideologist Hwang Jang-Yop, adviser
to Kim Jong Il, stepped down in February during a visit to
Beijing. Hwang, the tallest defender to date, came to South
Korea in April.